West unites against 'pariah' Russia
Moscow denies US and EU accusations of global hacking campaign by spies
Western countries issued coordinated denunciations of Russia yesterday for running what they described as a global hacking campaign, targeting institutions from sports anti-doping bodies to a nuclear power company and the chemical weapons watchdog.
In some of the strongest language aimed at Moscow since the Cold War, Britain said Russia had become a "pariah state".
The United States said Moscow must be made to pay the price for its actions. And their allies around the world issued stark assessments of what they described as a campaign of hacking by Russia's GRU military intelligence agency.
Russia denied what its Foreign Ministry spokeswoman called a "diabolical perfume cocktail" of allegations dreamt up by someone with a "rich imagination".
But the accusations deepen Moscow's isolation at a time when its diplomatic ties with the West have been downgraded over the poisoning of an ex-spy and while it is under US and EU sanctions over actions in Ukraine.
Britain and the Netherlands accused Russia of sending agents with wi-fi antennas to the Hague to try to hack into the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) while it was investigating an attack on an ex-spy in England.
The US indicted seven suspected Russian agents for conspiring to hack computers and steal data to delegitimise international anti-doping organisations and punish officials who had revealed a Russian state-sponsored athlete doping programme.
They were also accused of trying to hack into Westinghouse Electric Co, a nuclear power company that provides atomic fuel and plant designs. The Justice Department said one of the Russians performed reconnaissance of personnel and stole log-in credentials at the company.
Three had already been indicted by the special prosecutor investigating allegations of Russian meddling in the 2016 US presidential election, which Moscow denies.
The various accusations were announced at briefings around the globe that were held as Nato defence ministers gathered in Brussels to present a united front to their Cold War-era foe.
"This is not the actions of a great power, these are the actions of a pariah state," British Defence Minister Gavin Williamson said.
US Defence Secretary Jim Mattis, at a news conference in the Belgian capital, said Russia must pay a price, and a number of response options were available.
EU officials said in a statement Russia's "aggressive act demonstrated contempt for the solemn purpose" of the OPCW. Australia, New Zealand and Canada were among other countries to issue strongly worded statements backing their allies' findings.
Russian officials portrayed the allegations as part of an anti-Russian campaign intended to entrench Moscow's reputation as an enemy. Accusations against Russia "know no limits", said Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov.
Dutch authorities said they had disrupted the attempt to hack into the Hague-based OPCW in April, a time when the watchdog was looking into both the attack on ex-spy Sergei Skripal in Britain and chemical strikes in Syria the West has blamed on Russia's ally President Bashar al-Assad.
Four Russians arrived in the Netherlands on April 10 and were caught three days later with spying equipment at a hotel next to the OPCW headquarters, the Dutch military intelligence agency said.
The men had planned to travel on to a laboratory in Spiez, Switzerland used by the OPCW to analyse samples. Instead, they were expelled to Russia.
The Netherlands released copies of their passports which identified them as Alexey Minin, Oleg Sotnikov, Evgenii Serebriakov and Aleksei Morenets, all in their 30s or 40s.
Britain released an assessment based on work by its National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), which cast Russia's GRU military intelligence agency as a cyber aggressor which used a network of hackers to sow worldwide discord.
The GRU, Britain said, was almost certainly behind the BadRabbit and World Anti-Doping Agency hacking attacks of 2017, the hack of the US Democratic National Committee in 2016 and the theft of emails from a UK-based TV station in 2015.
"The GRU's actions are reckless and indiscriminate: they try to undermine and interfere in elections in other countries," said British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt. "Our message is clear - together with our allies, we will expose and respond to the GRU's attempts to undermine international stability."
The GRU is the agency Britain has blamed for sending two agents to kill Mr Skripal - himself a former GRU agent - with a nerve agent sprayed on his door. Russia says the two men were sightseers who visited Skripal's home town twice.
Mr Skripal, his daughter Yulia and a policeman fell seriously ill and a British woman later died from poison found in a discarded perfume bottle.
After the Skripal poisoning, dozens of Western countries launched the biggest expulsion of Russian spies working under diplomatic cover since the height of the Cold War. Moscow replied with expulsions of Westerners.
A closer look at what Russia is accused of
2014 plane crash investigation: British authorities allege that a GRU operation conducted "malign activity" when it tried to collect information about the investigation into the 2014 downing of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over eastern Ukraine by targeting Malaysian government institutions, including the Attorney General's office and police.
Dutch officials added that GRU agents had logged into wifi networks near a Malaysian hotel where investigators had gathered.
Most of the 298 people killed onboard MH17 were Dutch citizens, and investigators say they have strong evidence the Buk missile that downed the plane came from Russia, a charge Russia denies.
2016 US election and Olympics: According to US investigators, agents from the GRU's Unit 26165 broke into the Democratic National Committee's emails, wreaking havoc during the 2016 US presidential election.
Authorities also accuse the GRU of sustained efforts to breach the computer systems of anti-doping agencies and sporting governing bodies including the International Olympic Committee and soccer's Fifa.
2017 Ukraine infrastructure: The GRU is accused of a catastrophic attack in June 2017 on Ukraine using malicious software that briefly knocked out cash machines, petrol stations, pharmacies and hospitals.
According to a secret White House assessment recently cited by 'Wired', the attack caused $10bn worth of damage worldwide.