Turkey vows to fight 'the curse of terrorism'
Kurdish group claims stadium attack that killed 38 and wounded 155
Turkey declared a national day of mourning yesterday after two bombings in Istanbul killed 38 people and wounded 155 others near a soccer stadium.
The government also launched a full investigation as tributes were paid to the dead.
The attack was claimed by a Turkey-based Kurdish militant group.
In a statement posted on its website, the Kurdistan Freedom Falcons, or TAK, said two of its members had sacrificed their lives in the Saturday night attack that targeted security forces outside a stadium shortly after the conclusion of a soccer match.
"Two of our comrades were heroically martyred in the attack," the statement read.
It said the attack was reprisal for state violence in the south-east and the ongoing imprisonment of Abdullah Ocalan, the leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, or PKK.
TAK is considered by authorities as a PKK offshoot.
The twin car-and-suicide bombings near the Besiktas stadium enraged top officials, including Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who vowed to hunt down the perpetrators.
The attack was the latest large-scale assault to traumatise a nation confronting an array of security threats.
The attack targeted police officers, killing 30 of them along with seven civilians and an unidentified person, Turkish Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu said yesterday.
He said 13 people had been arrested in connection with the "terrorist attack" and that authorities had some insight into how and when it was planned.
Senior officials had quickly said they suspected Kurdish militants were behind the violence.
Deputy Prime Minister Numan Kurtulmus told the private news channel CNN Turk that "arrows point to the PKK", the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party, which has waged a decades-long insurgency. That assessment was echoed by Mr Erdogan and Mr Soylu.
"Our friends' evaluations suggest that the PKK was the perpetrator. There is a framework as to how the act was planned, when it was planned and how it was executed," Mr Soylu said, declining to disclose details for fear of compromising the investigation.
In a furious address at a funeral for the slain police officers, Mr Soylu slammed Kurdish rebels and their allies in the West, referring to the PKK as "animals".
"Have you accomplished anything beyond being the servants, pawns and hit men of certain dark forces, of your dark Western partners?" he asked.
Turkish officials frequently accuse the West of directly and indirectly supporting the Kurdish insurgency and of interfering in Ankara's fight against terrorism.
Mr Erdogan vowed that his country would fight "the curse of terrorism till the end" after paying a visit to some of the wounded at Haseki Hospital in Istanbul.
Surrounded by a crowd chanting his name and "God is great!", Mr Erdogan vowed that the perpetrators would be found and forced to "pay an even heavier price".
Hundreds of flag-carrying demonstrators marched yesterday along Istanbul's coastline toward the stadium at the heart of the blast area. Flags flew at half-staff across the country and at Turkey's foreign missions. Passers-by placed flowers on barriers surrounding the soccer stadium.
The first and larger explosion took place at about 10.30pm after the home team Besiktas beat visitor Bursaspor 2-1 in the Turkish Super League.
Mr Erdogan said the timing of the attack aimed to maximize the loss of life but most fans had left before the explosions.
Mr Soylu said the first explosion was caused by a passing vehicle that detonated in an area where police special forces were located at the stadium exit. A riot police bus appears to have been the target.
Moments later, a person who had been stopped in nearby Macka Park committed suicide by triggering explosives, according to the minister.
Mr Soylu said 136 people remained hospitalised, including 14 in intensive care. Forensic experts in white uniforms worked overnight, scouring the vicinity of the stadium where the bombing took place.