US and Turkey return from brink and agree to ‘normalise’ ties
US secretary of state Rex Tillerson held talks in Ankara with Turkish foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu.
The US and Turkey have pulled back from the brink of a potentially disastrous crisis, agreeing to normalise strained relations over Syria and other issues that had threatened the Nato allies’ long-standing ties.
Details of the rapprochement were vague as the two sides agreed in principle only to form working groups to begin meeting within a month to examine points of contention and try to resolve them.
After talks in Ankara, US secretary of state Rex Tillerson and Turkish foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu announced the creation of new “mechanisms” to improve the relationship, starting with the question of American support for Kurdish rebels in northern Syria.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson: "Our relationship with #Turkey is enduring and strategic." The Secretary's remarks addressed the U.S.-Turkey alliance, our shared objectives in #Syria, and the United States' support for democracy, human rights and respect for the rule of law. pic.twitter.com/bKVXwTkmgt— Department of State (@StateDept) February 16, 2018
Those talks followed a lengthy meeting of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Mr Cavusoglu and Mr Tillerson late on Thursday at which a broad range of disagreements were covered.
They included Ankara’s complaints against a US-based Turkish cleric Mr Erdogan accuses of fomenting a failed 2016 coup, US concerns about the state of Turkey’s democracy and opposition to Turkey’s planned purchase of a Russian air defence system.
“We brought forward proposals on how we can address all of the critical issues that are standing between our countries,” Mr Tillerson said during a joint news conference with Mr Cavusoglu.
He said joint working groups would take up specific issues including troop deployments to address Turkish border security concerns before the middle of March.
Expressed clearly our views and expectations in #Turkey-#US relations at our meeting with US Secretary of State Tillerson. US’s taking the necessary steps will be the key for rebuilding mutual trust @StateDept pic.twitter.com/Iv2EKZUfFQ— Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu (@MevlutCavusoglu) February 16, 2018
Turkey is riled over Washington’s support to the YPG — the top US ally in the fight against the Islamic State group. Turkey considers it a “terrorist” group linked to Kurdish rebels fighting inside Turkey.
Compounding the difficulties over Syria, ties had also been damaged by what Ankara perceives to be Washington’s reluctance to extradite US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen and the trial in the US of a banker accused of helping Iran evade sanctions.
For its part, Washington is angered by the detention of journalists and opposition figures, American citizens and Turkish employees of US consulates in Turkey on alleged terror charges.
“We find ourselves at a bit of a crisis point in the relationship,” Mr Tillerson said. But, he also stressed the long-standing nature of the relationship.
“Ours is not an alliance of convenience,” he said. “It is a time-tested alliance built on mutual respect. We’re going to work together moving forward.”
Mr Cavusoglu said: “Our relations were at a critical turning point. We were either going to correct this or it was going to take a turn for the worse.”
Mr Tillerson’s visit came as anti-US rhetoric from Turkish officials, including Mr Erdogan and Mr Cavusoglu, had spiked in recent days, with the president earlier this week suggesting the Americans might be deserving of an “Ottoman slap”, a reference to the Ottoman Empire’s one-time might.
Such rhetoric was absent on Friday and US officials expressed hope that it would not resurface in the days after Mr Tillerson’s visit, which followed a similar trip earlier this month by national security adviser HR McMaster.
Mr Tillerson said the first working group would deal with the issue of the town of Manbij, held by the US-backed Syrian Kurdish militia where the US has a military presence.
Turkey has long pressed the US to ensure the YPG leaves Manbij and has threatened to extend an offensive to drive Syrian Kurds from a border enclave to that region.
US officials said one idea to be considered is to place Turkish troops alongside American soldiers stationed in northern Syria to improve transparency.
Mr Cavusoglu repeated that promises made by the previous US administration about the YPG moving to the east of the river Euphrates had been broken.