Portugal’s centre-left Socialist Party has won a third straight general election, returning it to power as the country prepares to deploy billions of euro in EU aid for the economy after the Covid-19 pandemic.
In a ballot that took place amid a surge of coronavirus cases blamed on the Omicron variant, and with around one million infected voters allowed to leave home to cast their ballots, the Socialists elected at least 112 legislators in the 230-seat parliament.
With 98.7% of votes counted, the Socialists had 41%, compared with 28% for their main rival, the centre-right Social Democratic Party, which took at least 68 parliamentary seats.
Eighteen seats remain to be allocated.
It is unclear whether the Socialists would reach 116 legislators, allowing it to enact legislation alone, or whether it would fall short of that number, requiring it to cut deals for the support of smaller parties. Late results could come in on Monday.
Socialist leader Antonio Costa, who is expected to return to his post as prime minister, immediately offered an olive branch to his adversaries.
He said he would encourage alliances with other parties in parliament to overcome the country’s pandemic-inspired economic difficulties.
“The mission is to turn the page on the pandemic and bring affected sectors back to life,” Mr Costa said in a victory speech.
The stakes are high for the next administration.
Portugal, a country of 10.3 million people and the poorest in western Europe, is poised to begin deploying 45 billion euro (£37 billion) of aid as a member of the EU to help spur the economy after the pandemic.
Two-thirds of that sum is intended for public projects, such as major infrastructure, giving the next government a financial bonanza. The other third is to be awarded to private companies.
A parliamentary majority would smooth the next government’s path in allocating those funds in a country whose economy has struggled to gain traction since the turn of the century.
The past two Socialist administrations were minority governments. Since coming to power in 2015, the Socialist Party relied on the support of smaller allies in parliament – the Left Bloc and the
Portuguese Communist Party – to ensure the annual state budget had enough votes to pass.
But two months ago their differences, especially over public health spending and workers’ rights, were insurmountable, leaving Mr Costa short of votes in parliament to pass his party’s plan and triggering a snap election.
Mr Costa may need to forge another cross-party alliance in a fragmented parliament.
Some 10.8 million voters – 1.5 million of them living abroad – were eligible to choose legislators in the Republican Assembly, Portugal’s parliament, where political parties then decide who forms a government.
Chega! (Enough!), a populist and nationalist party founded less than three years ago, collected around 7% of the vote. That might give it a dozen MPs, up from only one in the last parliament.
The Left Bloc captured some 4% of the vote, with about the same going to the Portuguese Communist Party. Other smaller parties could get one or more parliamentary seats and offer Mr Costa their support.
Portugal’s economy needs a shot in the arm, which the EU funds may provide.
The country has been falling behind the rest of the 27-nation EU since 2000, when its real annual gross domestic product per capita was 16,230 euro (£13,600) compared with an EU average of 22,460 euro (£18,885). By 2020, Portugal had edged higher to 17,070 euro (£14,350) while the bloc’s average surged to 26,380 euro (£21,920).
The Socialists promised to increase the minimum monthly wage, earned by more than 800,000 people, to 900 euro (£750) by 2026. It is currently 705 euro (£590).
The Socialists also want to “start a national conversation” about working four days a week instead of five.