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Friday 23 August 2019

'Several terrorists killed' as US launches first air strikes on IS in Somalia

The Somali capital Mogadishu was hit by a huge terror attack last month (AP)
The Somali capital Mogadishu was hit by a huge terror attack last month (AP)

The US military for the first time has conducted two airstrikes against Islamic State group fighters in Somalia, where the extremists are a growing presence in a country long threatened by the al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab.

The US Africa Command said the two drone strikes killed "several terrorists" in northeastern Somalia, the first around midnight local time and the second later on Friday morning.

The strikes were carried out in coordination with Somalia's government, the statement said.

Local officials confirmed the airstrikes. At least six missiles struck in Buqa, a remote mountainous village roughly 37 miles north of Qandala town in the northern state of Puntland, a Somali security official said.

The mayor of Qandala, Jama Mohamed, said the strikes sent terrified nomadic villagers and their animals fleeing.

The US military has carried out well over a dozen drone strikes against al-Shabab this year after the Trump administration approved expanded efforts against the group.

Al-Shabab was blamed for carrying out Somalia's deadliest attack last month, a massive truck bombing in the capital, Mogadishu, that killed more than 350 people.

Somalia's president has vowed a "state of war", with neighbours sending thousands of troops to help the local military and an African Union force.

But IS-linked fighters who have split from the Somalia-based al-Shabab in the past couple of years pose a growing threat, notably in a part of the country far from al-Shabab's strongholds in the south.

In May, IS claimed responsibility for a deadly bombing in Puntland - said to be the first time the extremist group had claimed an attack in the Horn of Africa nation.

Police said a suicide bomber detonated at a military checkpoint in the commercial hub of Bossaso, killing at least four people.

The group was formed in late 2015 when al-Shabab fighters in Puntland broke away, perhaps influenced by an IS social media campaign urging them to defect, and their leader Abdulqadir Mumin pledged allegiance, according to a report in January by the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point.

"It is now believed that the group has between 100 and 200 fighters," the report says.

"Importantly, the Islamic State has not officially acknowledged Mumin's pledge... Nevertheless, operationally, ISS has arguably been the most powerful of the new Islamic State affiliates in sub-Saharan Africa."

The group briefly seized control of Qandala town late last year, "making the town the first territory the Islamic State has held inside Somalia," the report says.

A report by United Nations experts monitoring sanctions against the Islamic State group noted in a report circulated in August the "terrorist threat" posed by its affiliates in Puntland.


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