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Saturday 21 September 2019

Russia says North Korea needs security guarantee if it is to denuclearise

Vladimir Putin said he intended to share the outcome of his talks with Kim Jong Un with Donald Trump.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, and North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un take an escalator (Alexei Nikolsky/AP)
Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, and North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un take an escalator (Alexei Nikolsky/AP)

By Vladimir Isachenkov and Eric Talmadge, Associated Press

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin said after his summit with Kim Jong Un that the North Korean leader is ready to proceed toward denuclearisation but needs solid security guarantees to do so.

Mr Putin said that he will be willing to share details of the summit with US President Donald Trump, adding that “there are no secrets”.

He noted that Mr Kim himself encouraged him to explain certain nuances of Pyongyang’s position to Mr Trump.

The summit on Russky Island, across a bridge from the far-eastern port city of Vladivostok, reflected Russia’s effort to emerge as an essential player in the North Korean nuclear stand-off, a role that would raise Moscow’s global clout and its leverage with Washington.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin presents a Korean sword to North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un (Alexei Nikolsky/AP)

Mr Putin emphasised that the North Korean leader is ready to move toward a nuclear-free status but would only proceed when he gets solid guarantees.

He did not, however, specify what those guarantees would look like.

“Above all, he focuses on protecting national interests and security,” Mr Putin said.

Earlier in the day, Mr Putin voiced confidence that Mr Kim’s visit will “help better understand what should be done to settle the situation on the Korean Peninsula, what we can do together, what Russia can do to support the positive processes going on now”.

Mr Kim’s meeting with Mr Putin follows a year of intense diplomacy the North hopes will help it get out from under international sanctions over its nuclear weapons and long-range missile programmes.

Mr Kim has already held four summits with Chinese President Xi Jinping, three with South Korean President Moon Jae-on and two with President Donald Trump.

Mr Kim’s second summit with Mr Trump in February ended without any agreements, and his trip to Russia reflects his desire to put more pressure on Washington and show some independence from Beijing as well.

We welcome your efforts to develop an inter-Korean dialogue and normalise North Korea's relations with the United States Vladimir Putin to Kim Jong Un

For Mr Putin, the meeting offers a chance to increase his role as a potential broker.

He immediately emphasised that he was willing to share details of the talks with Mr Trump.

The Russian leader emphasised that Moscow and Washington both want Pyongyang to denuclearise.

When he sat down for talks with Mr Kim, he praised him for engaging in dialogue with the US.

“We welcome your efforts to develop an inter-Korean dialogue and normalise North Korea’s relations with the United States,” Mr Putin told Mr Kim.

Following their one-on-one meeting at the start of broader talks involving officials from both sides, Mr Putin and Mr Kim said they had a good discussion.

“We discussed the situation on the Korean Peninsula and exchanged opinions about what should be done to improve the situation and how to do it,” Mr Putin said.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, toasts North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un (Alexei Nikolsky/AP)

Mr Kim described the talks as “candid and meaningful”.

“The reason we visited Russia this time is to meet and share opinions with your excellency, President Putin, and also share views on the Korean Peninsula and regional political situation, which has garnered the urgent attention of the world, and also hold deep discussions on strategic ways to pursue stability in the regional political situation and on the matters of jointly managing the situation,” Mr Kim said.

Mr Kim also congratulated the Russian leader on his re-election to another six-year term last year.

“Ceaselessly bolstering and developing strategic and traditional relations between North Korea and Russia … is my and my government’s firm and unwavering position,” Mr Kim said later at a state banquet, where he made a toast.

Since the Trump-Kim talks in February ended without a deal because of disputes over US-led sanctions, there have been no publicly known high-level contacts between the US and North Korea — although both sides say they are still open to a third summit.

Mr Kim wants the US to ease the sanctions to reciprocate for some partial disarmament steps he took last year.

But the US maintains the sanctions will stay in place until North Korea makes more significant denuclearisation moves.

North Korea has increasingly expressed frustration at the deadlocked negotiations.

Last week, it demanded US secretary of state Mike Pompeo be removed from the talks and strongly criticised national security adviser John Bolton.

In Seoul, Mr Moon said on Thursday he will try to hold a fourth summit with Mr Kim and facilitate the resumption of US-North Korea talks.

Mr Kim arrived in Vladivostok Wednesday aboard his private train and offered what is possibly his first interview ever with a foreign media outlet.

He told Russian state television that he was hoping that his first visit to Russia would “successful and useful”.

He evoked his father’s “great love for Russia” and said that he intends to strengthen ties between the two countries.

The late Kim Jong Il made three trips to Russia, the last time in 2011.

Like the US, Russia has strongly opposed Pyongyang’s nuclear bid.

Moscow was part of six-nation talks on the North Korean standoff that fell apart after Pyongyang’s withdrawal in 2009.

Mr Putin said he was not sure if the talks could be revived, but he emphasised that international involvement will be needed to discuss guarantees for Pyongyang.

Dmitri Trenin, the director of the Carnegie Moscow Centre, said ahead of Thursday’s talks that Mr Putin will likely encourage Kim to continue constructive talks with the US, reflecting Russia’s own worry about the North nuclear and missile programmes.

“Russia can’t be expected to side with North Korea and, let’s say, support the North Koreans all the way in the Security Council,” he said.

Mr Trenin said Moscow doubts the North could be persuaded to fully abandon its nuclear weapons, considering that a “mission impossible”.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, and North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un (Alexander Zemlianichenko/AP)

“North Korea will not give up the only guarantee of the survival of the North Korean state and its regime,” Mr Trenin said.

Russia would also like to gain broader access to North Korea’s mineral resources, including rare metals.

Pyongyang, for its part, covets Russia’s electricity supplies and investment to modernise its dilapidated Soviet-built industrial plants, railways and other infrastructure.

Vladivostok, a city of more than half a million on the Sea of Japan, faced gridlock on its roads as traffic was blocked in the city centre due to Mr Kim’s visit.

The authorities have temporarily closed the waters around Russky Island to all maritime traffic.

Mr Kim was expected to return to Pyongyang on Friday.

PA Media

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