Monday 18 December 2017

Putin urges ceasefire extension

Russian President Vladimir Putin has moved to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine
Russian President Vladimir Putin has moved to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine

Russian President Vladimir Putin has urged Ukraine to extend a ceasefire and launch talks between the government and the rebels.

He moved to de-escalate the crisis by asking politicians in Moscow to reverse a resolution that allowed him to use the military on Ukrainian soil.

Even as rebel fighters downed a Ukrainian helicopter, Mr Putin said the weeklong ceasefire announced on Friday by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko should be accompanied by talks that would give people in the mostly Russian-speaking east a sense of security and protect their rights.

"We hope that the ceasefire will be extended and it will be used for substantive talks," Mr Putin said on a trip to Vienna. He blamed Ukrainian forces for breaking the ceasefire today by launching an airborne raid in the eastern city of Slovyansk, the flashpoint in the two-month insurgency.

Ukraine's military said nine servicemen were killed when one of its helicopters was shot down in Slovyansk. Vladislav Seleznev, a spokesman for the Ukrainian operation against the rebels in the east, said that the rebels downed the Mi-8 helicopter with a shoulder-fired missile.

The downing of the helicopter marked a sharp escalation of tensions, amid a ceasefire that has mostly held since early on Monday. The rebels pledged to respect it following talks later in the day.

Earlier today, Mr Putin asked parliament to cancel a resolution, which he once favoured, sanctioning the use of Russian military force in Ukraine - a move that reflected his desire to avoid a new round of Western sanctions.

Mr Poroshenko heralded the Russian leader's move as a "practical step" toward bringing peace to a region roiled by a separatist insurgency.

A Kremlin statement said Mr Putin had asked the head of Russia's upper house of parliament to cancel his March 1 request authorising the use of force on Ukrainian territory. The chamber is expected to quickly rubber-stamp the move on Wednesday.

Mr Putin said he made the decision to "help create conditions for peace process," but added that Russia will continue to protect the rights of Russian speakers in Ukraine. "I hope that armed forces will not be needed for that," he said.

Mr Putin needs to show his support for Mr Poroshenko's peace plan ahead of Friday's European Union summit to avoid further Western sanctions. The EU has warned it could introduce new sanctions that would target entire sectors of the Russian economy if Moscow fails to help de-escalate the crisis.

At the same time, Mr Putin may feel that he no longer needs to maintain the threat of an invasion to protect Moscow's interests in Ukraine.

Mr Poroshenko's peace plan contains promises of decentralisation and guarantees for protection of rights of Russian speakers, which Russia has demanded from the start of the crisis.

It wants Ukraine to give broad powers to its regions to allow Russian-speaking eastern provinces to maintain close ties with Moscow. A strong regional autonomy would also allow them to effectively block the nation's accession into Nato, which is the Kremlin's worst nightmare.

Mr Putin's request to parliament for the use of military in Ukraine on March 1 came days after Ukraine's pro-Russian president was chased from power following months of street protests. Russia sent troops that quickly overran Ukraine's Black Sea peninsula of Crimea, setting the stage for Russia to annex it after a hastily called referendum.

In April, a mutiny erupted in eastern Ukraine, where pro-Russian insurgents seized official buildings, declared their regions independent and fought government troops.

The US and Nato accused Russia of supporting the rebellion with troops and weapons, but Moscow has denied that.

In Washington, White House spokesman Josh Earnest said today the US was "reserving judgment" on Mr Putin's call to extend the ceasefire, saying it puts more stock in Russia's actions than its words.

Press Association

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