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Thursday 18 April 2019

Opposition leader looks set to become Armenia’s new prime minister

The breakthrough came after the governing party opened the way to Nikol Pashinian’s appointment.

Supporters of opposition leader Nikol Pashinian protest in Republic Square in Yerevan (Thanassis Stavrakis/AP)
Supporters of opposition leader Nikol Pashinian protest in Republic Square in Yerevan (Thanassis Stavrakis/AP)

By Avet Demourian and David Keyton

The opposition politician who has led weeks of mass demonstrations in Armenia has called for the protests to take a break after the ruling party appeared to clear the way for him to become prime minister.

On a fast-moving day of turmoil that began with crowds blocking roads, railways and the airport in the capital of Yerevan, the head of the ruling Republican Party’s faction in parliament said it would vote on May 8 for any prime minister candidate nominated by a third of the body’s 105 members.

That effectively promised the job to protest leader Nikol Pashinian, just one day after parliament rejected him.

Supporters of opposition lawmaker Nikol Pashinian wave an Armenian flag (AP)

Mr Pashinian told a Wednesday evening rally that his Elk party and the two other opposition factions would nominate him on Thursday.

Together, those parties hold 47 seats, well over the one-third mark set by the Republicans, who will not nominate a candidate of their own.

“Armenia will have a prime minister on May 8,” Republican faction leader Vagram Bagdasarian said.

In turn, Mr Pashinian called for supporters not to protest on Thursday, saying: “Tomorrow, we will work in parliament.”

Mr Pashinian was the only candidate nominated in Tuesday’s parliament vote for prime minister, but lost 45-55.

Nikol Pashinian looks set to become prime minister (Sergei Grits/AP)

The protests began on April 13, plunging Armenia into political turmoil and leading to the resignation of prime minister Serzh Sargsyan just days after his appointment.

Mr Sargsyan had led the country as president for 10 years, but stepped down because of term limits.

Soon thereafter, parliament named him prime minister under a new government structure that gave the post greater powers.

Protesters said the move effectively allowed him to remain as leader indefinitely.

After he lost the vote in parliament, Mr Pashinian called for Wednesday’s nationwide strike.

Earlier in the day, Mr Pashinian warned the government not to bring troops to the capital to quell the demonstrations.

An elderly supporter of Nikol Pashinian looks on during a protest (Sergei Grits/AP)

“Police and security services are neutral, and if they (government) will bring for example the army to Yerevan, all soldiers will come to us and they will join us.

“And there is no way for any solution by force,” he said.

Acts of civil disobedience took place elsewhere in the small former Soviet republic.

Protesters occupied the city hall in Gyumri, Armenia’s second-largest city, and some significant roads in the countryside became impassable.

The roads are key conduits to Iran and Georgia; Armenia’s two other borders, with Azerbaijan and Turkey, are closed.

The State Revenue Committee warned that the blockages could “present a serious blow to Armenia’s food security” and urged protesters not to interfere with food deliveries.

The national railway said it was suspending passenger service for Yerevan’s suburban area because of protesters blocking the tracks.

I think that the Republican Party yesterday have made a suicide pact, as a party, as a whole Nikol Pashinian

About 300 demonstrators used cars to block the road to Armenia’s main international airport, forcing many travellers to make long walks with their luggage to catch flights.

Mr Pashinian said that by rejecting him as prime minister, the ruling party had dealt itself a fatal blow.

“I think that the Republican Party yesterday have made a suicide pact, as a party, as a whole,” he said.

Press Association

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