A 22-year-old man made the bomb that exploded at the front gate of a nursery school in eastern China, killing eight people, including himself, investigators said.
Police said the suspect was identified primarily using security camera footage and DNA collected at the scene of the blast, which happened on Thursday as relatives were waiting to collect children from the Chuangxin Kindergarten in Xuzhou's Fengxian county at the end of the day.
Only the suspect's surname, Xu, was released and no motive was provided.
Investigators said they found bomb-making materials at Xu's nearby residence, and the Chinese characters for death, disaster and other related dark themes were e mblazoned on the walls.
Xu had left school because of a nervous system disorder, whose symptoms can include depression, anxiety, dizziness, vision problems and problems with basic bodily functions, the police said at a news conference in the city of Xuzhou in Jiangsu province.
Two people died at the scene and six died after being taken to a hospital. Sixty-five people were injured, including eight who were said to be in a critical condition.
The blast happened at 4.50pm before school finished for the day and no students or teachers from the kindergarten were among the injured, according to a statement from local authorities.
However, videos purportedly from the scene showed children - possibly relatives of the youngsters or passers-by - among the casualties.
A witness identified only by the surname Shi said the force of the blast sent people flying several feet into the air, according to the state-run Global Times.
Videos posted by the People's Daily showed a chaotic scene, with children and adults lying on the ground, some of them motionless, their clothes blown off them, and others struggling to get up. Clothing, shoes and other items were strewn across the area beside pools of blood.
The videos showed ambulances arriving, medics wheeling people into an emergency room and medical personnel treating what appeared to be a child.
Kindergartens and elementary schools in China have been attacked several times before by suspects authorities have said were mentally ill or bore grudges against their neighbors and society.
In 2010, nearly 20 children were killed in attacks on schools, prompting a response from top government officials and leading many schools to beef up security by posting guards and installing gates and other barriers. Last year, a knife-wielding assailant injured seven students outside a primary school in a northern city.
China maintains tight control over firearms and most attacks are carried out using knives, axes or home-made explosives.