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Friday 20 July 2018

Nobel laureates in mercy plea to Saudi king over young protesters' executions

Peace activist Mairead Maguire is among the Nobel laureates who have urged Saudi Arabia to show mercy to the condemned protesters
Peace activist Mairead Maguire is among the Nobel laureates who have urged Saudi Arabia to show mercy to the condemned protesters

Ten Nobel Peace Prize winners, including Northern Ireland activist Mairead Maguire, are appealing to Saudi Arabia's king and crown prince to show mercy and halt the executions of 14 young people for participating in protests in 2012.

In a letter released on Friday they said staying the executions would "correct a great injustice".

The laureates said the 14 were convicted and sentenced in a mass trial "based on the actions of the worst defendant", arguing that several would never warrant the death penalty.

They also accused Saudi authorities of coercing confessions and reportedly subjecting the protesters to physical force.

The 14, all minority Shiite Muslims, face execution for protests and violence against security forces.

Among them is Mujtaba al-Sweikat, who was detained at a Saudi airport on his way to the United States to attend Western Michigan University.

The laureates said al-Sweikat was 18 when he was arrested on charges including supervising a group on Facebook and photographing the demonstrations.

Their letter said al-Sweikat's shoulder was broken while his confession was being coerced.

Others facing execution include Ali al Nimr, charged with setting up a Blackberry page named The Liberals and posting photos of the demonstrations and inviting people to participate; Munir Adam, a partially deaf and blind 20-year-old; and two others who were juveniles, the laureates said.

The Nobel laureates said that in court, the defendants repudiated their confessions.

The letter also said that during the appeal process, the allegations of physical coercion were reportedly not investigated, which it said would violate both international law and Muslim Sharia law if true.

The American Federation of Teachers has urged US president Donald Trump to demand that Saudi Arabia halt the execution of al-Sweikat and the 13 others.

Sarah Lee Whitson, who heads Human Rights Watch's Middle East and North Africa regions, said the 14 prisoners were at "imminent risk of execution".

Mansour al-Qafari, a spokesman for the Saudi Ministry of Justice, said on August 4 that all defendants in Saudi Arabia received due process.

He said terrorism-related cases and death penalty verdicts were reviewed by an appeal court and the supreme court, with a total of 13 judges reviewing a case before an execution is carried out.

Ultra-conservative Sunni clerics in Saudi Arabia have in the past referred to Shiites as apostates and Shiite protesters have been accused of being allied with the kingdom's rival, Iran.

The Nobel laureates said that in a world where nearly 2.5 billion people participate in social media and get news on the internet, leaders can no longer "dismiss the voices of their constituency".

Jose Ramos-Horta, the former East Timor president and Nobel laureate, said: "It is a reality that the internet has given voice to dissent in our century, and the minority populations who may have felt sidelined now have an open forum."

As well as Ms Maguire, the other laureates who signed the letter were South African anti-apartheid and human rights activist Archbishop Desmond Tutu; former Polish president Lech Walesa; former South African president FW De Klerk; India's anti-slavery leader Kailash Satyarthi; Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee; Yemeni human rights activist Tawakkol Karman; Iranian human rights lawyer Shirin Ebadi; and American anti-landmine activist Jody Williams.


Press Association

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