Neo-Nazi link to 1972 Munich massacre uncovered
German neo-Nazis helped the Palestinian terrorist organisation Black September to carry out the infamous massacre of 11 Israeli athletes during the 1972 Munich Olympic Games, intelligence files released nearly four decades after the killings revealed yesterday.
Details from a hitherto secret, 2,000-page document on the massacre, held by Germany's Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, were published by 'Der Spiegel' magazine ahead of the 40th anniversary of the deaths this September.
Until now it had been assumed that Black September bore sole responsibility for the kidnapping and murders which were carried out in an attempt to secure the release of 234 Palestinians held in Israeli jails.
But according to the intelligence file, neo-Nazis also helped to prepare the massacre and planned to carry out further terrorist acts in Germany to avenge the police killing of Palestinians in Munich.
The file showed that Abu Daud, the Palestinian behind the massacre, travelled to Germany to plan the attack in July 1972. He was assisted by Willi Pohl, a known German neo-Nazi.
The files revealed that Pohl put Daud in touch with an expert in counterfeiting passports and other documents, and acted as his chauffeur.
Pohl, who has since renounced terrorism and neo-Nazi activity, is now a crime writer who has assumed a new name. He told 'Der Spiegel': "I drove Abu Daud all over Germany and he held meetings with Palestinians." He claimed he was linked to the Munich massacre "without knowing it".
The documents showed Pohl was later involved in a plan by Palestinian activists to carry out a series of kidnappings at Cologne Cathedral and town halls across Germany. Pohl was ordered to carry out the attacks by Abu Jihad, then the deputy of PLO leader Yasser Arafat. But he was arrested in Munich in October 1972.
The documents also suggested Pohl helped to procure weapons that may have been used in the Munich massacre. (© Independent News Service)