Tuesday 25 September 2018

Mile of new land created by lava from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano

Scientists said there is no way of knowing when the eruption will end.

A laze (lava haze) plume rising from the northern side of the fissure 8 lava flow margins in the former Kapoho Bay at the town of Kapoho on the island of Hawaii (US Geological Survey/AP)
A laze (lava haze) plume rising from the northern side of the fissure 8 lava flow margins in the former Kapoho Bay at the town of Kapoho on the island of Hawaii (US Geological Survey/AP)

By Caleb Jones, Associated Press

Lava from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano that flowed into Kapoho Bay has created nearly a mile of new land, officials from the US Geological Survey have said.

They added that the flow is still very active and there is no way of knowing when the eruption will end or if more lava-spewing vents will open.

The fast-moving lava poured into low-lying coastal Hawaii neighbourhoods in just two days this week, destroying hundreds of homes.

“Lava continues to enter the ocean along a broad front in Kapoho Bay and the Vacationland area and it continues to creep north of what remains of Kapoho Beach Lots,” said USGS geologist Janet Babb.

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The remains of the Kapoho Beach Lots subdivision and a fissure flow front at the town of Kapoho in Hawaii (US Geological Survey/AP)

As the lava marched toward the bay, it vaporised Hawaii’s largest freshwater lake, which was hundreds of feet deep in some places.

The new land in Kapoho Bay is now owned by the state, but the peninsula will not look like the farmland that dominates that region of the Big Island anytime soon.

Depending on climate, rainfall and other variables, new vegetation could start growing soon, but it would take much longer for the fertile land and lush rainforests to build back up.

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A lava delta filling Hawaii’s former Kapoho Bay. While the delta margin nearest the ocean has cooled somewhat, the lava flow front is still very hot and producing laze (lava haze) (US Geological Survey/AP)

“How soon vegetation comes back on a lava flow really depends on the type of lava it is, and how much rainfall there is in the area,” said Ms Babb.

“There are flows on the Kona side of the island that are much older than some flows on east Hawaii, they are much older but they have far less vegetation and that’s just a reflection of the difference in rainfall.”

A small ohia tree was observed by a National Park Service employee during of a tour of a two-year-old inactive flow in Kalapana last week.

“Rainfall really makes a difference,” said Hawaii Volcanoes National Park spokeswoman Jessica Ferracane. “A lot of ferns will pop up first. So, it’s usually ohia and ferns that are the first pioneers of those new lava flows.”

But the land is still highly unpredictable, and once the lava cools and hardens it will leave behind a jagged, scorched landscape with razor-sharp shards of volcanic rock.

Any new land masses that are formed by lava within the national park become federal land and any ocean entries outside the park becomes state land.

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Most of the Kapoho area is now covered in fresh lava as the Kilauea volcano lower east rift zone eruption continues (LE Baskow/AP)

“A lot of the ocean entries are extraordinarily unstable,” Ms Ferracane said.

“The bench that was formed during 2016 and 2017 61G flow has already collapsed and fallen into the ocean, so nobody really owns that any longer.”

The lava, which has covered more than 5,000 acres (2023.47 hectares) in this latest eruption is not only expansive, but very thick.

Scientists said that while the height of the lava is variable depending on the source and local topography, much of the area is covered in 10ft-20ft (3m-6m) of lava.

People who have private property in the affected areas will still own their land, though it will need to be reassessed once the lava stops flowing.

There are homes still standing in several subdivisions that have been inundated by lava, but many homeowners are unable to get back to those properties because the lava has already cut them off.

There are no homes left in the Vacationland subdivision and neighbouring Kapoho has only a few homes left standing. They too are cut off and inaccessible.

Hawaii County Mayor Harry Kim said lava has destroyed more than 600 homes since early last month.

Press Association

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