Monday 18 June 2018

Turkey launches offensive against Kurds in Syria

Turkish-backed fighters from the Free Syrian Army fire towards Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) positions in the village of Um al-Hosh, in the area of Afrin. Photo: AFP
Turkish-backed fighters from the Free Syrian Army fire towards Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) positions in the village of Um al-Hosh, in the area of Afrin. Photo: AFP

Orhan Coskun

Turkish warplanes struck positions of a US-backed Kurdish militia in Syria's Afrin province yesterday, opening a new front in the Syrian civil war - and also raising the prospect of deeper strains between Turkey and the US.

The operation sees Ankara confronting Kurdish fighters allied to the US at a time when relations between Turkey and Washington - NATO allies and members of the coalition against Isil - appear dangerously close to a breaking point.

Turkey's move could also complicate its push to improve ties with Russia. Moscow will demand in the UN that Turkey halt the its military operation, a member of the upper house of the Russian parliament's security committee said.

The bombing raids targeted the Syrian-Kurdish YPG militia, a Turkish official said. A Turkey-backed rebel group in Syria, the Free Syrian Army, was also providing assistance to the Turkish military's operation in Afrin, the official added.

The YPG said a number of people had been wounded in air strikes, but said it remained unclear how many. There were currently no clashes between Turkish forces and the YPG, "only skirmishes" at the edge of the Afrin region, according to the YPG.

Reuters cameramen in Hassa, near the border with Syria, heard the sound of heavy bombardment and saw thick plumes of smoke rising from the Syrian side of the border. The warplanes appeared to be striking from the Turkish side of the border, one of the cameramen said.

The attacks, which Turkey is calling Operation Olive Branch, follow weeks of warnings against the YPG in Syria from President Tayyip Erdogan and his ministers. Turkey considers the YPG to be an extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has carried out a deadly, three-decade insurgency in Turkey's mainly Kurdish southeast.

The YPG's growing strength across a swath of northern Syria has alarmed Ankara, which fears the creation of an independent Kurdish state on its southern border.

The Turkish military said its operation in Afrin was to provide safety for Turkey's border and to "eliminate terrorists... and save friends and brothers, the people of the region, from their cruelty."

"We will destroy the terror corridor gradually as we did in Jarabulus and Al-Bab operations, starting from the west," Turkey's Erdogan said, referring to previous operations in northern Syria designed to push out Isil and check the YPG's advance.

Earlier yesterday, the military hit shelters and hideouts used by the YPG and other Kurdish fighters, saying Kurdish militants had fired on Turkish positions inside Turkey. But the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces - of which the YPG is a major component - accused Turkey of using cross-border shelling as a false pretext to launch an offensive in Syria.

Differences over Syria policy have further complicated Turkey's already difficult relationship with NATO ally the US. Washington has backed the YPG, seeing it as an effective partner in the fight against Isil.

A US State Department official said on Friday that military intervention by Turkey in Syria would undermine regional stability and would not help protect Turkey's border security.

Instead, the US has called on Turkey to focus on the fight against Islamic State. Ankara accuses Washington of using one terrorist group to fight another in Syria.    


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