Thursday 23 November 2017

Syrian rebels accuse Kurds of ethnic cleansing

Syrian refugees passing on the Syrian side of the border crossing Akcakale yesterday.
Syrian refugees passing on the Syrian side of the border crossing Akcakale yesterday.
Syria's President Bashar al-Assad

Zeina Karan in Beirut

Syrian rebel groups have accused the country's main Kurdish militia of deliberately displacing thousands of Arabs and Turkmens as it pushes deeper into Islamic State (Isil) strongholds in northern Syria.

Yesterday, thousands of people poured into a Turkish-Syrian border crossing, fleeing intense fighting after Syrian Kurds reached the outskirts of Tal Abyad, a strategic Isil-held border town. The main Kurdish fighting force, known as the YPG, has pushed to dislodge Isil from Tal Abyad, aiming to sever a key supply line for the extremists' nearby the de facto capital of Raqqa.

The Kurdish advance, under the cover of intense US-led coalition airstrikes, has caused the displacement of more than 16,000 people who fled to Turkey in the past two weeks.

Yesterday, up to 3,000 more refugees arrived at the Akcakale border crossing.


Witnesses saw large numbers of people at the border and thick smoke billowing across as US-led coalition aircraft targeted Isil militants in Tal Abyad.

A group of 15 Syrian rebel factions accused the YPG of deliberately displacing Arabs and Turkmens from Tal Abyad and the western countryside of the predominantly Kurdish Hassakeh province.

In a statement, they accused the Kurds of committing "ethnic cleansing" - a charge strongly denied by the Kurds.

The accusation, which was not backed by evidence of ethnic or sectarian killings, threatened to escalate tensions between ethnic Arabs and Kurds as the Kurdish fighters conquer more territory in northern Syria.

With most of Syria controlled by either Islamic militants or forces loyal to President Bashar Assad, the US has found a reliable partner in the country's strongest Kurdish militia, the YPG. They are moderate, mostly secular fighters, driven by revolutionary fervour and the desire for self-rule.

Since the beginning of the year, they have wrested back more than 500 mostly Kurdish and Christian towns in northeastern Syria, as well as strategic mountains seized earlier by Isil. They have recently pushed into Raqqa province, an Isil stronghold where Tal Abyad is located.

"YPG forces ... have implemented a new sectarian and ethnic cleansing campaign against Sunni Arabs and Turkmen under the cover of coalition airstrikes which have contributed bombardments, terrorising civilians and forcing them to flee their villages," the statement issued by rebel and militant groups said.

The 15 rebel groups said the alleged "cleansing" was concentrated in the north-eastern predominantly Kurdish province of Hassakeh and in Tal Abyad.

It charged that the "cleansing" was part of a plan by the Kurdish Democratic Party (PYD) to partition Syria.

The YPG, or People's Protection Units, is the armed wing of the PYD. The movement is affiliated with the Kurdish PKK, which has waged a long and bloody insurgency in southeastern Turkey.

The statement seemed to echo comments made by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, in which he said the US-led coalition fighting Isil militants in Syria were bombing Arabs and Turkmens near Turkey's border.

"On our border, in Tal Abyad, the West, which is conducting aerial bombings against Arabs and Turkmens, is unfortunately positioning terrorist members of the PYD and PKK in their place," Mr Erdogan said.

YPG spokesman Redur Khalil strongly refuted the claims, calling the groups making them "bankrupt".


"Preserving people's dignity is among our priorities, and it is for that that we are offering our blood," he wrote on his Facebook page yesterday. He said the "unjust accusations were meant to market for the Islamic State group and cover up its crimes."

Losing Tal Abyad, some 80km north of Raqqa city, the Islamic State group's self-styled capital, would deprive the militant group of a direct route to bring in foreign militants or supplies. The Kurdish advance, coming under the cover of US-led coalition airstrikes in the area, would also link their two fronts and put even more pressure on Raqqa.

Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis, including Sunni Arabs, have fled the Isil advance over the past year and taken refuge in the largely autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq.

Irish Independent

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