Talks between Syrian rebel factions and government representatives have opened in Kazakhstan.
The talks, backed by Russia and Turkey, are the first between the two warring sides in a year.
They mark the first face-to-face meeting between government representatives and a delegation heavily made up of rebels.
Representatives of Syria's rebel factions sat on one side of a room at the luxury Rixos Hotel in the capital Astana, while government delegates sat on the other side.
The talks are expected to focus on consolidating a shaky ceasefire that has been in place since December 30.