Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has vowed to "respond with a heavy hand" after at least four people were killed and eight injured in what Israeli police described as a "terrorist" attack on a synagogue in Jerusalem.
Mr Netanyahu condemned Tuesday's violence as a "cruel murder of Jews who came to pray and were killed by despicable murderers”. He blamed the attack on Hamas and Palestinian Authority chief Mahmoud Abbas.
A British-Israeli national was among four people killed in an attack by two Palestinians on a Jerusalem synagogue, Britain said on Tuesday, the deadliest such incident in six years in the holy city amid a surge in religious conflict.
"We are aware of the death of a dual British-Israeli national in Israel on 18 November 2014," Britain's Foreign Office said in a statement, responding to reports that a British citizen had been caught up in the violence
President Abbas denounced the bloodshed in a statement, saying: "The presidency condemns the attack on Jewish worshippers in their place of prayer and condemns the killing of civilians no matter who is doing it."
Writing on Twitter, Israeli police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said officers shot both suspects dead after they entered the synagogue in the ultra-Orthodox Har Nof neighbourhood armed with knives and axes and attacked worshippers.
An Israeli military spokesman posted a picture of a bloodied meat cleaver inside the building, apparently used in the killing spree.
Mr Rosenfeld said two police officers were among those injured in the attack, the deadliest to occur in Jerusalem for years.
Police said the attackers were Palestinians from East Jerusalem.
The US Secretary of State John Kerry responded angrily to the attack and demanded that the Palestinian leadership take immediate steps to end incitement to violence.
Mr Kerry, who spoke before meeting in London with British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond, said the violence witnessed on Tuesday "has no place anywhere".
"Innocent people who had come to worship died in the sanctuary of a synagogue. They were hatcheted, hacked and murdered in that holy place in an act of pure terror and senseless brutality and murder.
"I call on Palestinians at every single level of leadership to condemn this in the most powerful terms."
One man who was praying at the time of the attack told Israeli Channel 2 TV news: "I tried to escape. The man with the knife approached me. There was a chair and table between us ... my prayer shawl got caught. I left it there and escaped.”
Israeli TV footage showed the synagogue surrounded by police and rescue workers and the surrounding area cordoned off.
The violence comes amid high tensions in the city, with a wave of attacks killing at least six people in recent weeks.
Two weeks ago, a Palestinian driver was shot dead by Israeli police after ramming his car into a crowd at a tram stop in East Jerusalem, killing a border policeman and wounding 13 others.
A Palestinian bus driver was found hanging in his vehicle in a Jewish part of Jerusalem late Sunday, which was ruled a suicide by an inquest.
His relatives insisted that Yousef al-Ramouni, 32, was murdered because he was Arab.
Hamas praised the attack but did not directly claim responsibility for it. In a statement, it said it was a "response to continued Israeli crimes, the killing, desecrating al-Aqsa (mosque)”.