Tuesday 12 December 2017

Kuwait mediates Gulf crisis between Qatar and Arab nations

The financial district of Doha, Qatar, as a diplomatic crisis isolates the nation (Saurabh Das/AP)
The financial district of Doha, Qatar, as a diplomatic crisis isolates the nation (Saurabh Das/AP)
Passengers of cancelled flights wait in Hamad International Airport in Doha, Qatar (AP)

Kuwait has begun mediating a diplomatic crisis in the Gulf after several Arab nations cut ties with Qatar, moving to isolate the energy-rich travel hub from the outside world.

US President Donald Trump appeared to back those isolating Qatar over allegations it supports terror groups and its relations with Iran.

Qatar has denied funding extremists and its foreign minister struck a defiant tone, even after worried residents were seen panic-buying in grocery shops in the capital, Doha.

Qatar relies heavily on food imports, especially those coming over its border with Saudi Arabia, and the Arab nations opposing it have cut off their land, sea and air routes into the country.

"On this scale, it's unprecedented," said Hatoon al-Fassi, a Saudi historian of Gulf Affairs and Women's Studies at Qatar University.

The biggest diplomatic crisis in the Persian Gulf since the 1991 US-led war against Iraq pits several nations against Qatar, which is home to some 10,000 American troops and a major US military base.

While the US military has said it would not change its posture at Qatar's Al-Udeid Air Base, Mr Trump wrote a series of tweets calling into question his commitment to the peninsular nation.

"During my recent trip to the Middle East I stated that there can no longer be funding of Radical Ideology," he tweeted. "Leaders pointed to Qatar - look!"

He later tweeted: "Perhaps this will be the beginning of the end to the horror of terrorism!"

Mr Trump, who travelled to Saudi Arabia for a recent conference of Arab nations, told Qatar's ruler at the time that "we've been friends now for a long time". Qatari officials declined to immediately comment.

In an earlier interview with Doha-based satellite news network Al-Jazeera, Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed Bin Abdulrahman Al Thani said Kuwait's ruler had asked Qatar's emir to delay giving a speech about the crisis late on Monday night.

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani "received a call from the emir of Kuwait asking him to postpone it in order to give time to solve the crisis," Sheikh Mohammed said.

Still, the minister struck a defiant tone, rejecting those "trying to impose their will on Qatar or intervene in its internal affairs".

The state-run Kuwait News Agency reported Kuwaiti ruler Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al Sabah spoke with Qatar's emir on Monday evening and urged him to give a chance to efforts that could ease tensions. The call came after a senior Saudi royal arrived in Kuwait with a message from the Saudi king. An Omani diplomat travelled to Qatar on Monday.

Sheikh Sabah left on Tuesday night for Saudi Arabia.

Meanwhile, the Philippines announced it will temporarily suspend the deployment of Filipino workers to Qatar. Labour Secretary Silvestre Bello said the ban took effect on Tuesday, but there is no plan yet to repatriate the more than 200,000 Filipino workers in Qatar. More than a million Filipinos reside and work in Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Bahrain.

Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates announced on Monday they would cut diplomatic ties with Qatar. Yemen's internationally backed government, which has lost the capital and large portions of the war-torn country, also cut relations with Qatar, as did the Maldives and one of conflict-ridden Libya's competing governments.

Football's governing body Fifa has said it remains in regular contact with Qatar, which will host the 2022 World Cup. Qatar just finished one of the stadiums that will host the tournament, though others have yet to be built.

Saudi Arabia, the powerhouse among those cutting ties to Qatar, said it did so due to the country's "embrace of various terrorist and sectarian groups aimed at destabilising the region," including the Muslim Brotherhood, al Qaida, the Islamic State group and militants supported by Iran in the kingdom's restive Eastern Province.

Qatar has long denied funding extremists, although Western officials have accused it of allowing or even encouraging funding of Sunni extremists like al Qaida's branch in Syria, once known as the Nusra Front.

The Gulf countries ordered their citizens out of Qatar and gave Qataris abroad 14 days to return home to their peninsular nation, whose only land border is with Saudi Arabia. The countries also said they would eject Qatar's diplomats.

The nations also cut air and sea traffic between them and Qatar. Trucks carrying food have begun lining up on the Saudi side of the border, apparently stranded.

Qatar Airways, one of the region's major long-haul carriers, has suspended all flights to Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain until further notice. On its website, the carrier said the suspension of its flights took effect on Tuesday and customers are being offered a refund.

Saudi Arabia meanwhile said it had revoked Qatar Airways' operating licences and closed the airline's offices in the kingdom.

The Saudi ports authority said Qatari-flagged shipping vessels are barred from docking. It said it ordered shipping agents not to receive any vessels owned by Qatari companies or Qatari nationals and not to unload any goods from Qatar.


Press Association

Promoted Links

Today's news headlines, directly to your inbox every morning.

Promoted Links

Editors Choice

Also in World News