Joe: the first transplant doctor . . . who was then accused of playing God

Joseph Murray, who has died aged 93, carried out the world's first successful organ transplant, revolutionising the treatment of acute illness. His first success in the field came in 1954, when he transplanted a kidney between identical twins. Eight years later he performed the same feat between two unrelated individuals – achievements for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with the bone marrow transplant pioneer Donnall Thomas in 1990.