Tuesday 24 April 2018

Hundreds gather to leave second opposition-held pocket in Syria’s Ghouta

More than 500 fighters and their relatives will leave towards northern Syria on Saturday night, Syrian state TV said.

Syrian government forces oversee the evacuation by buses of rebel fighters and their families, at a checkpoint in eastern Ghouta (SANA via AP)
Syrian government forces oversee the evacuation by buses of rebel fighters and their families, at a checkpoint in eastern Ghouta (SANA via AP)

By Bassem Mroue, Associated Press

Hundreds of members of a rebel group and their relatives have boarded 17 buses in preparation to leave eastern Ghouta to opposition-held areas in northern Syria.

The move is part of an agreement to evacuate the second of three pockets held by opposition fighters east of the capital Damascus, Syria’s state media reported.

State TV and the government-controlled Syrian Central Military Media (SCMM) said more than 500 fighters and their relatives will leave towards northern Syria on Saturday night, and hundreds more will evacuate the following day.

State TV and SCMM earlier said that a total of 7,000 people will leave four towns in eastern Ghouta before reporting that the number had dropped to just over 3,000, without providing an explanation.

The departure comes a day after an agreement was reached between Faylaq al-Rahman, the second most powerful rebel group in eastern Ghouta, and the Russians to surrender the second of three pockets in eastern Ghouta, where rebels have been holding up over the past years.

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Bulldozers removing barriers from a road in the town of Harasta, east of the capital Damascus, Syria (SANA via AP)

Earlier in the day, bulldozers removed giant sand barriers from a main road in the town of Harasta that will be used by the rebels and their relatives to make their way to the country’s north.

After sunset, several buses carrying evacuees arrived at the edge of the town of Arbeen where they gathered before heading north.

The government-controlled SCMM said a corridor was prepared for Faylaq al-Rahman members and their relatives to leave the towns of Zamalka, Arbeen, Ein Tarma and Jobar.

The evacuations come after thousands streamed out of Harasta, the first pocket after a similar negotiated deal for the evacuation of armed fighters and civilians.

On Friday night, Harasta was void of rebels for the first time in six years.

“The city of Harasta in eastern Ghouta is free of terrorism,” SCMM said referring to opposition fighters that the government refers to as terrorists.

Faylaq al-Rahman said in a statement on Friday that the deal will lead to the immediate evacuation of sick and wounded people for treatment and to allow aid to enter the besieged area.

The group added that opposition fighters and their relatives who decide to leave eastern Ghouta will head to rebel-held parts of northern Syria while civilians who choose to stay will be guaranteed safety.

It said that Russian military police will deploy in Faylaq al-Rahman-controlled areas including the Arbeen, Zamalka, Ein Tarma and Jobar.

A prisoner exchange will take place between the group and the government, the group added.

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Rebel fighters and their families inside a bus that is taking them to Idlib province (SANA via AP)

Eight government supporters released by Faylaq al-Rahman told state TV about the mistreatment they were subjected to while being held underground and given little food and water.

One of those released, whose left eye appeared closed in the report, said “they hit me on the eye damaging it”.

Another person released said “they used to beat us, keep us hungry and place us underground in the cold and we did not know when they would kill us”.

Syrian state TV said Faylaq al-Rahman will hand over maps of underground tunnels as well as others marking mines planted by the group in areas it controlled.

On February 18, a concerted military offensive, backed by Russian airstrikes, squeezed the rebels and civilians in the area under an intense bombing campaign and tightened the siege.

The UN estimated that nearly 400,000 people remained in the enclave before the latest offensive began.

The government assault triggered a mass movement of people trying to escape the violence in the Damascus suburbs.

Some have moved deeper into the rebel-held enclave, while 105,000 others have crossed the front lines towards government-controlled areas or left to rebel-held parts in northern Syria, according to state news agency SANA.

The government’s crushing offensive killed nearly 1,500 people and wounded more than 5,000, according to opposition activists.

After the departure of Faylaq al-Rahman fighters, the only rebel-held pocket in eastern Ghouta will be the town of Douma, which is controlled by the powerful Army of Islam group.

Press Association

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