George W. Bush hits out at 'emboldened bigotry' in US politics
Former US president George W. Bush has denounced bigotry in Trump-era American politics, warning that the rise of "nativism", isolationism and conspiracy theories have clouded the nation's true identity.
The comments, delivered at a New York City conference on Thursday hosted by the George W. Bush Institute, amounted to an indirect critique from a former Republican president who has remained largely silent during President Donald Trump's unlikely rise to power.
The 43rd president did not name Mr Trump, but he attacked some of the principles that define the 45th president's political brand.
"We've seen nationalism distorted into nativism, forgotten the dynamism that immigration has always brought to America," Mr Bush said.
"We see a fading confidence in the value of free markets and international trade, forgetting that conflict, instability and poverty follow in the wake of protectionism.
"We've seen the return of isolation sentiments, forgetting that American security is directly threatened by the chaos and despair of distant places."
"We've seen our discourse degraded by casual cruelty," he continued.
"Bigotry seems emboldened.
"Our politics seems more vulnerable to conspiracy theories and outright fabrication."
"We need to recall and recover our own identity," he continued.
"To renew our country, we only need to remember our values."
Asked about the speech, Mr Trump said he had not seen it.
The comment about identity was one of several that warned of what Mr Bush described as troubling political trends.
Mr Bush noted Russia's meddling in the 2016 election and declared that "the Russian government has made a project of turning Americans against each other".
"Foreign aggressions, including cyber-attacks, disinformation and financial influence, should never be downplayed or tolerated," Mr Bush said.
Mr Trump has expressed scepticism of Russia's involvement.
A special prosecutor is currently investigating whether Mr Trump and his campaign associates coordinated with Moscow in the effort to sway the election.
Mr Bush is the brother of 2016 presidential hopeful Jeb Bush, the former Florida governor nicknamed, belittled and ultimately vanquished by Mr Trump during the race for the Republican nomination.
He joins a slowly growing list of prominent Republicans who have publicly defied Mr Trump, including Republican Senators John McCain, who delivered a similar speech this week.
Senator Bob Corker, the Tennessee Republican who has announced he is retiring, has denounced what he termed the "adult day care centre" of the Trump White House.
But during the Bush event, a current Trump administration official also broke with Mr Trump's dismissive tone on Russian interference.
Nikki Haley, Mr Trump's chief envoy to the United Nations, cast Russia's efforts to influence the 2016 election as "warfare" and efforts to "sow chaos" in elections across the world.
"The Russians, God bless them, they're saying, 'Why are Americans anti-Russian? And why have we done the sanctions?' Well, don't interfere in our elections and we won't be anti-Russian," Ms Haley said.
She added: "When a country can come and interfere in another country's elections, that is warfare."
Facebook recently provided three congressional committees with more than 3,000 ads they had traced to a Russian internet agency and told investigators of their contents.
Twitter also briefed Congress last month and handed over to Senate investigators the profile names of 201 accounts linked to Russians.