French president declares economic and social emergency
French president Francois Hollande has pledged to redefine France's business model and declared "a state of economic and social emergency".
The announcement came as he unveiled a two billion euro (£1.5 billion) plan to revive hiring and catch up with a fast-moving world economy.
The measures he proposed, however, are relatively modest, and he said they would not "put into question" the 35-hour work week.
With his country under a state of emergency since the Paris attacks in November, Mr Hollande did not seek to assume any new emergency powers over the economy.
In an annual speech to business leaders, he laid out plans for training half a million jobless workers, greater use of apprenticeships, and aid for companies that hire young workers.
Mr Hollande's Socialist government has struggled to boost long-stagnant French growth or reduce chronic unemployment, which has been at around 10% for years.
His chances of winning a potential second term may hinge on whether jobs pick up before next year's presidential vote.
Mr Hollande stressed the urgency of updating France's labour-friendly business model in an increasingly border-free, online economy.
The measures included a loosening of France's rigid working time rules, and a bonus of 2,000 euro (£1,520) to small businesses that hire young people.
He stressed the need to integrate youth from France's troubled suburbs, including minorities who face job discrimination, into the global economy.
High unemployment in France's North African and African communities is seen as one of the factors driving some youths to violent extremism or the drug trade.
Some measures will be included in draft economic reform laws the government is presenting to parliament in the coming weeks.