Sweden distributes 'be prepared for war' leaflet to all 4.8m homes
Swedes told to prepare for conflict in Cold War-style booklet
SWEDEN HAS started to sent out instructions to its citizens on how to cope with an outbreak of war, as the country faces an assertive Russia across the Baltic Sea.
The 20-page pamphlet titled "If Crisis or War Comes" gives advice on getting clean water, spotting propaganda and finding a bomb shelter, in the first public awareness campaign of its kind since the days of the Cold War.
It also tells Swedes they have a duty to act if their country is threatened. "If Sweden is attacked by another country, we will never give up," the booklet says. "All information to the effect that resistance is to cease is false."
The leaflet's publisher, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, did not spell out where an attack might come from. "Even if Sweden is safer than most countries, threats do exist," agency head Dan Eliasson told journalists.
But Sweden and other countries in the region have been on high alert since Russia's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea peninsula in March, 2014. They have also accused Russia of repeated violations of their airspace - assertions that Moscow has either dismissed or not responded to.
The Kremlin has in the past insisted that it does not interfere in the domestic affairs of other countries and has accused Western powers of stoking "Russophobia".
Stockholm has repeatedly cited Russian aggression as the reason for a series of security measures including the reintroduction of conscription this year and the stationing of troops on the Baltic island of Gotland.
The Swedish government decided to start increasing military spending from 2016, reversing years of declines.
The booklet on its way to Sweden's 4.8 million households warns that supplies of food, medicine and gasoline could run short during a crisis.
It also lists oat milk, tins of Bolognese sauce and salmon balls as examples of food that people should store in case of an emergency along with tortillas and sardines.
The publication describes what an air raid warning sounds like in the first such publication handed out since 1961.
Sweden has not been at war with anyone for more than 200 years, not since its war with Norway in 1814. It was officially neutral during World War Two.