Pope Francis told Vatican administrators yesterday that he intended to press ahead "with firm resolve" to cleanse the Church's bureaucracy, which has been rocked by scandals and charges of greed and corruption.
In traditional Christmas greetings to the Curia, the central Vatican administration, the 79-year-old pontiff said he had the flu and excused himself for reading the speech seated, though he showed no signs of illness and later stood to greet the dozens of officials.
As it was last year, his speech was dominated by his intentions of ridding the Vatican's bureaucracy of spiritual "diseases" - a reference to alleged corrupt practices among top administrators - despite resistance in the Church hierarchy.
"It seems necessary to state what has been, and ever shall be, the object of sincere reflection and decisive provisions. The reform will move forward with determination, clarity and firm resolve," he said.
At the same gathering last year he issued a stinging criticism of the Curia, listing a catalogue of "diseases" in the bureaucracy including careerism, scheming and greed that had infected them with "spiritual Alzheimer's".
Returning to the theme on yesterday, he said: "Some of these diseases became evident in the course of the past year, causing no small pain to the entire body and harming many souls, even with scandals."
This was an apparent reference to a current trial in the Vatican where five people, including two members of the Curia and two journalists, are charged with the theft of confidential papal documents.
The leaks were the basis of two books that depicted a Vatican plagued by greed and graft and where the Pope faces stiff resistance to his reform.
Francis noted cases "of resistance, difficulties and failures" by some Curia employees opposed to his reforms.
Joking that some in the Curia still needed "Curial antibiotics," he added that "diseases and even scandals cannot obscure" the good work that many of them do for the 1.2 billion- member Church.
In a separate address to non-clerical Vatican employees, Francis asked "for forgiveness for the scandals there have been in the Vatican, especially recently," and asked them to pray for those who had "erred".