Mobster linked to Vatican murder mystery
Forensic police swarmed over the crypt of a Roman basilica yesterday to exhume the body of a reputed mobster as part of an investigation into one of the Vatican's most enduring mysteries -- the 1983 disappearance of the teenage daughter of a Vatican employee.
Medical experts took samples from the remains of Enrico De Pedis but also found boxes of old bones nearby, according to a De Pedis family lawyer, reviving speculation that Emanuela Orlandi may have been buried alongside him.
Ms Orlandi was 15 when she disappeared in 1983 after leaving her family's Vatican City apartment to go to a music lesson in Rome.
De Pedis, a member of Rome's Magliana mob, was killed in 1990. His one-time girlfriend has reportedly told prosecutors that De Pedis kidnapped Ms Orlandi, and an anonymous caller in 2005 told a TV show that the answer to Ms Orlandi's disappearance lay in his tomb
Amid a new push to resolve the case, the Vatican said last month it had no objections to opening the tomb.
The scene yesterday outside the Sant'Apollinare basilica was hectic, with TV cameras jostling for views inside the chapel and the adjacent courtyard of the Opus Dei-run Pontifical Holy Cross University, where forensic vans came and went.
An overwhelming stench filled the air as medical personnel wearing masks mingled with priests in black clerical garb and ducked into a blue tent where samples of De Pedis' remains were believed to have been brought.
Lorenzo Radogna, a De Pedis family attorney, said that investigators had found some 200 "containers" with bones near De Pedis' tomb, and that they would be tested in the coming days and weeks. Initially, the ANSA news agency reported the boxes had been discovered in the casket itself but later said they were found nearby.
Ms Orlandi's brother, Pietro, who was at the scene, said samples from the body had been taken for further tests and the tomb re-closed. He said the corpse was in relatively good condition, but there was only one body -- that of a male -- inside.
There had been speculation that Ms Orlandi's kidnapping was linked to an assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II -- which had occurred two years earlier-- and the jailing of the gunman, Ali Agca.
Doubts have also been cast on whether the Vatican itself had co-operated fully with the investigation. In 2008, Italian news reports quoted De Pedis' ex-girlfriend as telling prosecutors that Ms Orlandi had been kidnapped by the Magliana gang on the orders of Archbishop Paul Marcinkus, the late US prelate who had headed the Vatican bank and was linked to a huge Italian banking scandal in the 1980s.
The archbishop had always asserted his innocence in the scandal and the Vatican at the time of the allegation said the woman's claims had "extremely doubtful value."
In a statement last month, a Vatican spokesman insisted the Holy See had done everything possible to try to resolve the case.
Mr Orlandi said the move to exhume the tomb was a step forward in the investigation, and he hoped it showed a new willingness on the part of the Vatican to co-operate fully and show full transparency about what it knows.
"I think it's something very positive, both from the point of view of the Vatican and the prosecutors," he said.
Speculation has long swirled around the location of De Pedis' tomb, since it is buried in a prominent church alongside important Catholics -- an unusual final resting place for a reputed local mobster.
Sant'Apollinare is right next to the elegant Piazza Navona in Rome's historic centre. As the exhumation went on in the crypt a priest was solemnly celebrating Mass upstairs in Latin.
Among those in the adjacent courtyard speaking with medical personnel was the rector of the basilica, Msgr Pedro Huidobro, who oddly enough was a coroner before being ordained a priest.
De Pedis' casket is expected to be moved to another location for reburial in the coming days, Mr Radogna said.