Keith Richards claimed he was "targeted by the British government" when he was famously put on trial for drugs offences in 1967.
The Rolling Stones guitarist and frontman Mick Jagger were both jailed after police raided Richards' country mansion to search for drugs.
In a candid new memoir, serialised by a British newspaper, Richards said the establishment was determined to punish the controversial band.
"We'd become the focal point of a nervous establishment," writes 67-year-old Richards. "There's two ways the authorities can deal with a perceived challenge. One is to absorb and the other is to nail.
"They had to leave The Beatles alone because they had already given them medals.
"We got the nail. It was more serious than I thought.
"I was in jail because I'd obviously p***ed off the authorities.
"I'm a guitar player in a pop band and I'm being targeted by the British government and its vicious police force, all of which shows me how frightened they are."
After he was found guilty Richards was jailed for a year. Jagger was given three months' imprisonment. Both were freed the next day pending appeal. Richards' conviction was later overturned and Jagger had his sentenced quashed.
The convictions came on foot of a police raid on Richards' Redlands estate in Sussex after a party. The veteran guitarist said he was still on acid when officers arrived.
"There is a knock at the door, I look through the window and there's this whole lot of dwarves outside, but they're all wearing the same clothes," he recalls. "They just looked like very small people wearing dark blue, with shiny bits and helmets.
"As far as I remember, the atmosphere was fairly relaxed at the time. Shit, anything we'd done, we'd done already."
He also dismissed the myth that officers discovered Marianne Faithfull -- naked but for a fur rug -- in a compromising position with a Mars bar.
He writes: "How the Mars bar got in the story I don't know. There was one on the table -- there were a couple, because on acid suddenly you get a sugar lack and you're munching away. And so she's stuck forever with the story of where the police found that Mars bar."
Richards also uses his autobiography Life to lay bare the fraught relationship between himself and Jagger.
In the book he takes personal swipes at his bandmate, writing: "It was the beginning of the Eighties when Mick started to become unbearable."