Conflict returns to Colosseum over 'Vegas' restoration
Thumbs down from experts who say hundreds of other ancient sites are being neglected
Bloodthirsty gladiatorial clashes may not be returning to the Colosseum any time soon but an Italian government proposal to restore the ancient amphitheatre's arena has provoked plenty of fury this week.
Culture minister Dario Franceschini has been accused of seeking to turn the historic site into a gigantic theme park by one prominent academic, after the government said it intends to spend €18.5m to rebuild the arena where gladiators fought before thousands of fans 2,000 years ago. Another critic said plans to use it for concerts would turn it into a kind of "Las Vegas".
Mr Franceschini said the funds were not simply for maintenance or restoration but to finance Italian cultural sites that have the greatest tourism potential. But, he said, "the Colosseum will not become Las Vegas".
"There'll be no football matches or rock concerts at the Colosseum, only events of the highest quality, such as the tragedies of Seneca or a ballet performance with Roberto Bolle. There will be no gladiators. That would be 'folkloric'," he said.
The Colosseum was completed AD80 and is the largest Roman amphitheatre ever built. Over the centuries it has weathered earthquakes, invasions and layers of pollution to become Italy's best-known tourist attraction, with close to six million visitors a year.
Little remains of its wooden floor, once covered by blood-soaked sand. Instead, today's visitors can look down into a labyrinth of tunnels where gladiators and wild animals once awaited their grim fate below the surface, or visit a small area of the cells where elaborate sets were kept.
The plan has drawn the ire of archaeologists and other experts. "Today it is fashionable to speak of 'edutainment'," said Tomaso Montanari, an art professor from the University of Naples. "In Italy that does not combine knowledge and pleasure, but produces entertainment of the lowest form that transforms the past into a gigantic theme park.
"I want a culture minister who never talks about the Colosseum but does something for the 200 historic churches that have been shut for 30 years in the centre of Naples."
Commentator Francesco Merlo disputed the minister's reference to "concerts of the highest cultural quality" smacked of "Las Vegas".
"It is not a restoration, but a makeover, a set design," he wrote in La Repubblica. "It's the symbol he wants to leave Rome because, as the mythical Gracchus said in the film Gladiator, 'the beating heart of Rome is not the marble of the Senate, it's the sand of the Colosseum'."
The restoration is expected to take up to four years.