Nicola Sturgeon has said she wants a second referendum on Scottish independence to take place on October 19, 2023, however the matter will be referred to the UK’s Supreme Court to establish its legality.
The first minister said the Scottish government would be referring the provisions of its referendum bill to the UK’s highest court yesterday.
She said she wanted an “indisputably lawful” referendum to take place, arguing that her opponents would challenge the Scottish government’s proposal in the courts if she did not go to the judiciary herself.
Ms Sturgeon said that in the event the court ruled that her proposals are outside the legislative competence of the Scottish parliament, the next general election will become a “de facto referendum”.
The UK government has consistently said it is opposed to a Section 30 order which would grant Holyrood the power to hold another referendum.
She said that the lawfulness of the referendum “must be established as a matter of fact, not just opinion”.
“Otherwise, as we have seen again in recent days, opposition parties will just keep casting doubt on the legitimacy of the process, so that they can avoid the substantive debate on independence,” she said.
The Scottish Independence Referendum Bill proposes a “consultative, not self-executing” referendum, she said, claiming it had the same legal status as the vote in 2014.
To applause from the SNP members in the chamber, Ms Sturgeon said: “I can announce that the Scottish government is proposing that the independence referendum be held on October 19, 2023.”
She said: “We know that legislative competence can only be determined judicially.
“And we know that for as long as there is no judicial determination, opinions will differ and doubt will continue to be cast on the lawful basis for the referendum.
“That benefits only those parties opposed to independence.”
She said the Lord Advocate, the Scottish government’s chief legal officer, had referred the matter to the London Supreme Court.
The Scottish government’s bill proposes the same wording of the referendum question as in 2014.
Opposition MSPs laughed after she said: “It is of course possible that the supreme court will decide that the Scottish parliament does not have power to legislate, even for a consultative referendum.
“To be clear, if that happens, it will be the fault of Westminster legislation, not the court.”
She said if such a judgment is issued, then “any notion of the UK as a voluntary union of nations is a fiction”.
The first minister said: “If it does transpire that there is no lawful way for this parliament to give the people of Scotland the choice of independence in a referendum and if the UK government continues to deny a Section 30 order, my party will face the UK general election on this single question: should Scotland be an independent country?”
Ms Sturgeon said this would make the next general election a “de facto referendum” if the court ruled against her.