David Cameron resigns from politics - two months after quitting Prime Minister post
David Cameron is standing down as MP for Witney, triggering a by-election in the Oxfordshire seat.
Mr Cameron told the chairman of his Conservative Association and constituency agent before making the announcement, which comes two months after he quit as Prime Minister on July 13 in the wake of defeat in the EU referendum.
The former PM said at the time that he was "very keen to continue" as MP for Witney, which he has represented in the House of Commons since 2001, and said it was "very much my intention" to seek re-election in 2020.
But in a statement, he said: "Having fully considered my position over the summer, I have decided that I am going to stand down as the Member of Parliament for Witney.
"There will now be a by-election and I will do everything that I can to help the Conservative candidate win that election.
"In my view, the circumstances of my resignation as Prime Minister and the realities of modern politics make it very difficult to continue on the backbenches without the risk of becoming a diversion to the important decisions that lie ahead for my successor in Downing Street and the Government.
"I fully support Theresa May and have every confidence that Britain will thrive under her strong leadership."
Mr Cameron said he would not be moving away from the constituency, where he has made his home with wife Samantha and their children.
He said it had been "an honour" to serve the people of the area for the past 15 years.
"Our house in Dean is the place Samantha, my children and I call home, and that will not change," said Mr Cameron.
"I will continue to support the local causes and charities that mean so much to me and many others in this beautiful and enterprising part of our country.
"I now look forward to a life outside of Westminster, but hope to continue to play a part in public service and to make a real and useful contribution to the country I love."
Mr Cameron said it "isn't really possible" to be a proper backbench MP as a former prime minister because his actions would become a "big distraction".
The former PM said he had quit with a "heavy heart" but he needed to "build a life" outside Westminster.
He said Mrs May had "got off to a cracking start" and she had been "very understanding" about his decision.
"Obviously I'm going to have my own views about different issues. People would know that and that's really the point.
"As a former prime minister it is very difficult, I think, to sit as a backbencher and not be an enormous diversion and distraction from what the Government is doing."
Asked if Mrs May's plans to introduce a new wave of grammar schools was linked to his decision, he replied: "This decision has got nothing to do with any one individual issue. The timing in that way, I promise, is coincidental."
Mr Cameron said there were "many good things" in the policy but refused to endorse the proposals.
"My announcement today is not about grammar schools, there's no connection with grammar schools, it's purely one of timing."
Unison general secretary Dave Prentis said: "David Cameron led us into a referendum he didn't want and then lost. He walked away from the country in June and now he's done the same to his constituents.
"He will be remembered as the prime minister who presided over massive cuts to vital public services and led our country out of Europe. A toxic legacy."