An Italian expert in Hebrew manuscripts has said he has discovered the oldest known complete Torah scroll, a sheepskin document from 1155-1225. It was in the University of Bologna library, where it had been mistakenly catalogued as dating from the 17th Century.
The Leningrad and the Aleppo bibles pre-date the Bologna scroll by more than 200 years. But this is the oldest Torah scroll of the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses, according to Mauro Perani, a professor in the University of Bologna.
Two carbon-dating tests confirmed the revised dating, according to the university.