The struggle between the secular Turkish military and the Islamic-oriented government reached new heights yesterday as a court jailed 12 senior officers -- including five admirals and an army general.
The officers are charged with plotting, several years ago, to topple the government of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, news reports said yesteday. More officers could be charged later this week.
Former chiefs of the Air Force, Navy and Special Forces were among about 50 officers detained by police in a sweep on Monday. Turkey, a predominantly Muslim but officially secular country, is witnessing an unprecedented showdown between the rising political Islamic movement and its fiercely secular founders, the military officers.
Business groups say the fight is damaging the country's financial prospects and its reputation abroad. It also jolted already jittery markets: the country's benchmark stock market index fell more than 3pc yesterday.
Economy Minister Ali Babacan attempted to ease concerns, saying the government was trying to put the military under civilian rule as in the West.
"Transformations may sometimes be painful," Mr Babacan told a conference of foreign investors in Istanbul. "We are trying to make Turkey's democracy first class."
General Ilker Basbug, the military chief, is scheduled to meet Mr Erdogan and President Abdullah Gul at the presidential palace today.
On four occasions since 1960 the military, which views itself as the guardian of Turkey's secular tradition, has overthrown civilian governments.
But observers say this government's success in reining in inflation and its reformist record as it works to join the European Union, appears to have given it the courage to take the military on.
Many in the military accuse the government of nurturing fundamentalism. The 'Taraf' newspaper this week reported that sentries at a military unit were ordered to use the code "Vile" and password "Prime Minister", in an apparent reflection of the tensions. Deputy Prime Minister Cemil Cicek visited military headquarters on Tuesday night to discuss the report. The military said it had launched an investigation.
"The way to emerge from this crisis and conflict is to go to the polls," said Devlet Bahceli, head of the opposition Nationalist Action Party.
General elections are scheduled for 2011.
The government crackdown has angered opposition parties and could deprive Mr Erdogan of their support in overhauling the Turkish constitution to expand free speech and individual rights in Turkey. The current tensions have damaged the government's search for a wide consensus on the matter.