EU pushes for more electric cars and cuts in CO2 emissions
The European Commission has said it wants to cut emissions of carbon dioxide from cars by 30% by 2030, and boost the use of electric vehicles by making them cheaper and easier to charge.
The proposal stops short of imposing fixed quotas for emission-free vehicles, and is more modest than goals already set out by some EU members.
However, European car makers said the new targets were too drastic.
Commission vice president Maros Sefcovic insisted the plan is the most "realistic" compromise between Europe's ambitions to blaze trails on clean energy and the costs that the continent's powerful car manufacturers will have to bear to overhaul workforces and production.
Current targets require car makers to achieve the average permitted emission for new models in the European Union of 95 grams of CO2 per kilometre for cars, or 147 grams for light commercial vehicles by 2021.
The new proposal foresees a further reduction of 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to 2021 levels.
Car companies which fail to meet those targets face substantial fines of 95 euro (£83) per excess gram of carbon dioxide per car.
Car makers that manage to equip at least 30% of their new cars with electric or other low-emission engines by 2030 will be given credits toward their carbon tally.
The European Automobile Manufacturers' Association, an industry body, criticised the 2025 target, saying "it does not leave enough time to make the necessary technical and design changes to vehicles, in particular to light commercial vehicles given their longer development and production cycles".
The lobby group also said the targeted cut of 30% by 2030 was "overly challenging" and called for a 20% reduction instead, saying that was "achievable at a high, but acceptable, cost".
The group's secretary general, Erik Jonnaert, said: "The current proposal is very aggressive when we consider the low and fragmented market penetration of alternatively-powered vehicles across Europe to date."
The European executive's plan also includes 800 million euro (£704 million) in funding for the expansion and standardisation of electric charging stations Europe-wide.
The proposal is part of EU efforts to meet commitments under the Paris climate accord.
UN member states are meeting in Germany from November 6-17 to discuss how to implement the 2015 agreement, which called for a sharp fall in carbon emissions to curb global warming.