Egypt court frees Al-Jazeera pair
Two journalists with the Al-Jazeera English network have been released from an Egyptian prison after more than a year behind bars on terror-related charges in a case denounced as a sham by rights groups and the international community.
Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohammed were freed pending a retrial and have been reunited with their families in Cairo.
A third co-worker, Australian Peter Greste, was freed two weeks ago and deported to his home-country.
Mr Baher was initially sentenced to 10 years in prison and Mr Fahmy to seven years, but Egypt's top appeals court ordered a retrial after overturning the initial ruling, citing "flawed evidence". On the first session of the retrial yesterday, the judge ordered their release.
Their next court hearing is due on February 23 and they have to check in at a police station every day until then.
Early today, Mr Fahmy's brother tweeted that he had posted 33,000 US dollars (£21,500) in bail to grant his brother's release.
Mr Mohammed's wife, Jehane Rashed, said her husband had arrived home, and photos on Facebook and video aired by Al-Jazeera showed him hugging and playing with his children - one of whom was born during his detention - and wearing clothes with the tag "Free Press".
"I will continue fighting for the freedom of expression, and I will not back off," he said in the video. He was freed without bail.
The Al-Jazeera reporters spent more than 400 days in prison after being caught in the bitter feud between Egypt and Qatar, main backer of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, the group ousted president Mohammed Morsi belonged to.
Yesterday's decision indicated the court is moving ahead with a retrial of Mr Fahmy and Mr Mohammed, but several scenarios are possible.
The court could eventually throw out the case, acquit them, convict them but sentence them to time served, or impose more prison time, with the possibility of a pardon from president Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
Like Mr Greste, Mr Fahmy, who is Canadian, could also be deported, but prospects for Mr Baher, who only has Egyptian citizenship, remain murkier.
Cairo has signalled it wants to resolve the case and end the criticism ahead of a major economic conference next month to drum up international investment. Egypt's staggered parliamentary elections are also due to start in March.
The three, who worked for Al-Jazeera's English-language channel, were arrested in December 2013 and accused of belonging to the Brotherhood, which was branded a terrorist organisation after Mr Morsi's removal from power earlier that year.
Since the removal, Egypt has been cracking down heavily on Mr Morsi's supporters, and the journalists were accused of being mouthpieces for the Brotherhood and falsifying footage to suggest that Egypt faced civil war. They rejected the charges against them, saying they were simply reporting the news.
They were convicted by a lower court on terrorism-related charges and sentenced to at least seven years in prison. The Court of Cassation, the country's highest appeals court, also said in ordering the retrial that the initial proceedings were marred by violations of the defendants' rights.
Al-Jazeera called the decision "a small step in the right direction" but said the court should dismiss "this absurd case" and release both journalists unconditionally.
Though Mr el-Sissi had rejected calls from Western governments to pardon or commute the sentences, he acknowledged last July that the heavy sentences had had a "very negative" impact on Egypt's reputation and that he wished they had never been put on trial.
The journalists and their families say they were caught in the bitter feud between Egypt and Qatar, the Gulf nation that owns Al-Jazeera and a main Brotherhood backer. Egypt's ties with Qatar have since thawed.
Mr Greste was deported under a hastily drawn-up law allowing Mr el-Sissi to deport foreigners who are on trial or have been convicted. Mr Fahmy has applied for deportation under the same law, which is confusing and unclear. One defence lawyer, Khaled Abou Bakr, said Mr Greste remains listed as a defendant in the case even after his deportation.
Mr Fahmy has said that security officials pushed him into giving up his Egyptian citizenship so he could be sent to Canada, where he also has citizenship.
"I didn't ask to give up my Egyptian citizenship. I was asked to do so," he said in the courtroom yesterday, wearing a sling on a shoulder that has been injured since before his arrest and worsened in detention. He said security officials had asked him to do so because the case had become a "nightmare" for Egypt.
Canadian prime minister Stephen Harper said his government was in touch with officials in Egypt "at all levels, including on my level", and was continuing to press for Mr Fahmy's freedom.
"We do remain optimistic that this case will be resolved," Mr Harper said.
Eleven other defendants in the case - mostly students accused of being Brotherhood members - were ordered released without bail.
From Australia, Mr Greste expressed his joy but said it was too soon for unreserved celebrations.
"The trial is ongoing, and nobody has yet been acquitted," he said in a statement. "I'm looking forward to the day when the court declares all of us innocent of the charges. Then the party will really begin."