Wednesday 13 December 2017

Ebola death rate up to 70pc – World Health Organisation

A Red Cross health worker washes himself with chlorinated water after sterilizing the body of 67-year-old Jenneh Momoh, who died due to ebola virus in Monrovia, Liberia. Photo: Mohammed Elshamy/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
A Red Cross health worker washes himself with chlorinated water after sterilizing the body of 67-year-old Jenneh Momoh, who died due to ebola virus in Monrovia, Liberia. Photo: Mohammed Elshamy/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
Health workers wearing protective gear wait to carry out the body of a person suspected to have died from Ebola in Monrovia, Liberia (AP)
An international member of the UN medical team who was infected with Ebola in Liberia has died
Passengers arrive at Heathrow Airport, West London. Enhanced screening for Ebola will begin at Heathrow Airport's Terminal 1 on tomorrow. Steve Parsons/PA Wire
A Protect Environmental worker wears a hazard suit at the home of a Dallas healthcare worker who tested positive for Ebola (AP)
A member of the CG Environmental HazMat team disinfects the entrance to the residence of a health worker at the Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital who has contracted Ebola in Dallas, Texas, October 12, 2014
A worker looks up while finishing up cleaning outside an apartment building of a hospital worker in Dallas infected with Ebola (AP)

Nick Allen

The death rate in the current Ebola outbreak has increased to 70pc, a World Health Organisation (WHO) official has said.

WHO assistant director-general Dr Bruce Aylward said the 70pc death rate marked "a high mortality disease" in any circumstance.

He added that the UN health agency is still focused on trying to isolate sick people and provide treatment as early as possible.

Previously, the WHO had said the death rate was around 50pc.

The announcement came as an international member of the United Nations' medical team who was infected with Ebola in Liberia has died despite "intensive medical procedures", a German hospital said.

Read more here: 460 Irish citizens are living in countries worst hit by virus

The St Georg hospital in Leipzig said the 56-year-old man, who has not been named, died of the infection overnight It released no further details.

The man tested positive for Ebola on October 6 and arrived in Leipzig for treatment on October 9, where he was put into a special isolation unit.

Responding to the escalating crisis the WHO said that there could be up to 10,000 new cases of Ebola per week within two months.

Dr Aylward said if the response to the Ebola crisis is not stepped up within 60 days, "a lot more people will die" and there will be a huge effort required on the ground to deal with the spiralling number of cases.

The official added that for the last four weeks, there have been about 1,000 new cases per week, though that figure includes suspected, confirmed and probable cases.

Meanwhile in the US it has emerged that around 70 doctors and nurses were looking after Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person to die from Ebola in America, raising fears it could have spread to more healthcare workers.

Nurse Nina Pham, 26, was confirmed to have caught the virus while treating Duncan in Dallas, Texas, and on Tuesday there was growing concern for the remaining 70 or so members of his medical team.

A health worker conducts an Ebola prevention in Monrovia. (Photo DOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP/Getty Images)
A health worker conducts an Ebola prevention in Monrovia. (Photo DOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP/Getty Images)
Ebola is the worst health emergency of modern times, the World Health Organisation has said (AP)
Soldiers from the 36th Engineer Brigade practice how to put on protective clothing and gloves during a training session at at Fort Hood, Texas
Pfc. Kaiya Capuchino from U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) trains US Army soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), who are earmarked for the fight against Ebola, before their deployment to West Africa
James Knight and Ondraya Frick from U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) train U.S. Army soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), who are earmarked for the fight against Ebola, before their deployment to West Africa
Staff from Hillingdon Hospital in Uxbridge taking part national exercise to test Britain's readiness for an Ebola outbreak.
High-tech response: Health workers test Britain's response tot he Ebola crisis. The scene is a far cry from what transpires in stricken West African countries. Anne-MarieSanderson/DoH/PA Wire
Staff from North East Ambulance Service and the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle take part in a national exercise to test Britain's readiness for an Ebola outbreak. Reuters
US army soldiers earmarked for the fight against Ebola train before their deployment to West Africa. Photo: Reuters
A US army soldier wears a protective mask during training ahead of deployment in West Africa. Photo: Reuters

At least nine members of hospital staff went in and out of the room in Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital where Duncan, 42, was being isolated when he was at his sickest on the day before he died.

Dr Tom Frieden, director of the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), said: "If this one individual was infected, and we don't know how, within the isolation unit then it is possible that other individuals could have been infected as well.

"We need to consider the possibility there could be additional cases, particularly among the healthcare workers who cared for the patient when he was so ill.

"We're concerned and unfortunately would not be surprised if we did see additional cases among healthcare workers."

Read more here: Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg donates $25m to fight Ebola

The risk of further cases emerged as Miss Pham received a potentially life saving blood transfusion from Dr Kent Brantly, an American who contracted Ebola in West Africa but survived after treatment in the US.

He has already given blood transfusions to two other patients , Dr Rick Sacra and British-American TV cameraman Ashoka Mukpo.

Doctors hope that Dr Brantly's blood will have developed antibodies helping to protect against Ebola. (© Daily Telegraph London)

Irish Independent

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