Monday 23 April 2018

Deadly measles outbreak kills 400 in southeast Congo

Doctors treat a child with measles in Congo Credit: Medecins Sans Frontieres
Doctors treat a child with measles in Congo Credit: Medecins Sans Frontieres

Aaron Ross

A measles outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo's southeast region has killed 428 people and infected about 30,000.

More than 100 deaths and 10,000 additional cases have been recorded since mid-August, when the United Nations committed $2.4 million to fight the outbreak in the former province of Katanga, which was recently divided into four.

Humanitarian groups said the money was not enough and poor roads and health services in the region were hindering vaccination drives.

"We have contained the disease somewhat in the short term," Yvon Edoumou, spokesman for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), told Reuters.

"But it's sad to see that the disease is still progressing."

The outbreak is the country's worst since 2010-11, when 1,085 people died and about 77,000 were infected in Katanga.

The industrial copper and cobalt mining parts of the region, Africa's leading producer of both metals, have largely escaped the outbreak.

Measles is a highly contagious virus that can lead to deadly complications like diarrhoea, dehydration, respiratory infection and encephalitis.

Mortality rates can be as high as 20 pc in poor countries, according to medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres, even though it only costs about $1 to vaccinate a child.

The World Health Organization warned last November that progress toward wiping out measles has stalled worldwide due to poor vaccine coverage.


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