The decision on when to loosen the lockdown restrictions hinges on matters of life and death. Rating the risks and weighing up the pros and cons presents an unenviable dilemma.
1. Mixed messages
Relaxing restrictions risks gives the signal that the war is over or nearly over. That is far from the reality. The battle against this virus will have to be relentless this year.
Securing the compliance of the public to follow social distancing and other rules will be essential. If people start to be less fearful of the virus, it puts us in jeopardy.
2. Unnecessary deaths
The virus has claimed more than 1,200 lives here and while 70pc of those infected have recovered, it is a death sentence for many patients who cannot fight it.
The less virus that is spreading, the lower the risk.
Also, those who are in most danger from the virus are having to endure some of the toughest curbs on their freedom. While cocooning has been an ordeal for many over-70s, the pay-off is that they are safe.
3. Hospitals under siege
Hospital intensive care units are only ever a breath away from being overwhelmed if there is a big resurgence in cases.
This would compromise the care that can be given to patients who are severely ill with complications of the disease.
Routine care which has been deferred will have to resume and this will put more pressure on beds.
It may not be as easy to buy the same time before the rush of a second wave of infection.
4. New cases of the virus - and the hidden ones
The growth in new cases is falling but the daily tally still remains high, with 359 reported yesterday.
They are the confirmed cases, but how many more are not being detected?
The mass testing of residents and staff in residential centres, including nursing homes, has found a significant amount of asymptomatic people.
5. Testing weaknesses
It will be mid-May before 100,000 tests a week can be carried out. At that stage, a wider span of the population will need to be captured to ensure proper surveillance of the disease. Questions also remain over how fast contact tracing is.
The nation has been, for the most part, very obedient and accommodating to the unprecedented loss of freedoms. There needs to be some leeway shown to provide hope that they are on the road back to some form of regularity - even in a world with the 'new norm' of physical distancing.
2. Tough medicine
The over-70s have been indoors for weeks and it has led to questions about whether the cure is worse than the disease. It is not, of course, but there are physical and mental downsides.
But when it comes to any relaxing of restrictions, they are the group who many see as a priority - that they should be at least allowed to get out for a daily walk.
There is a growing view among geriatricians that this should happen.
If this is recommended, it would be accompanied by safeguards.
3. Building up immunity
Some international experts believe suppressing the virus, reducing the numbers who are infected, has a negative effect of limiting immunity.
For most people, the virus is a mild illness - many don't even have symptoms.
The experts argue the fewer infected, the lower the immunity in the population, and the longer it will take to reduce the threat - although this is a high-risk policy.
4. Mental health
There is evidence that many people's mental health is suffering for a range of reasons, including being separated from families, and even the sight of deserted streets. All of their usual comfort zones have been taken from them.
For those who enjoy non-contact outdoor sports like golf, there may be no public health barrier to allowing resumption, as long as physical distancing is practised.
Some other countries are taking brave steps to reopen and loosen the lockdown.
Ireland will have to learn to live with and work around the virus. It will be a case of trial and error.
5. The economy is being crippled and people's livelihoods are being ruined
Allowing non-essential shops to open would provide some reprieve, however small.
Guidance to employers on how to operate with physical distancing may save some of them from going to the wall.