Comey says he was fired because of Russia investigation
Former FBI director James Comey claims that President Donald Trump fired him to interfere with his investigation of Russia's role in the 2016 election and its ties to the Trump campaign.
"It's my judgment that I was fired because of the Russia investigation," Mr Comey told the Senate intelligence committee in explosive testimony that threatened to undermine Mr Trump's presidency.
"I was fired in some way to change, or the endeavour was to change, the way the Russia investigation was being conducted," Mr Comey testified under oath.
"That is a very big deal, and not just because it involves me."
Mr Comey also accused the Trump administration of spreading "lies, plain and simple" about him and the FBI in the aftermath of his abrupt firing last month, declaring that the administration "defamed him and more importantly the FBI" by claiming the bureau was in disorder under his leadership.
And in testimony that exposed deep distrust between the president and the veteran lawman, Mr Comey described intense discomfort about their one-on-one conversations, saying he decided he immediately needed to document the discussions in memos.
"I was honestly concerned that he might lie about the nature of our meeting, so I thought it really important to document," Mr Comey said.
"I knew there might come a day when I might need a record of what happened not only to defend myself but to protect the FBI."
The revelations came as MR Comey delivered his much anticipated first public telling of his relationship with President Trump, speaking at a packed Senate intelligence committee hearing that brought Washington and parts of the country to a standstill as all eyes were glued to televisions showing the testimony.
The former director immediately dove into the heart of the fraught political controversy around his firing and whether Mr Trump interfered in the bureau's Russia investigation, as he elaborated on written testimony delivered on Wednesday.
In that testimony he had already disclosed that President Trump demanded his "loyalty" and directly pushed him to "lift the cloud" of investigation by declaring publicly the president was not the target of the FBI probe into his campaign's Russia ties.
Mr Comey said that he declined to do so in large part because of the "duty to correct" that would be created if that situation changed.
Mr Comey also said in his written testimony that President Trump, in a strange private encounter near the grandfather clock in the Oval Office, pushed him to end his investigation into former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn.
Democratic Sen Joe Manchin of West Virginia asked Mr Comey the key question: "Do you believe this arises to obstruction of justice?"
"I don't know. That's Bob Mueller's job to sort that out," Mr Comey responded, referring to the newly appointed special counsel who has taken over the Justice Department's Russia investigation.
In a startling disclosure, Mr Comey revealed that after his firing he had actually tried to spur the special counsel's appointment by giving one of his memos about President Trump to a friend of his to leak to the press.
"My judgment was I need to get that out into the public square," Mr Comey said.
The Republican National Committee and other White House allies worked feverishly to lessen any damage from the hearing, trying to undermine Mr Comey's credibility by issuing press releases and even ads pointing to a past instance where the FBI had had to clean up the director's testimony to Congress.
Republicans and Mr Trump's own lawyer seized on Mr Comey's confirmation, in his written testimony, of President Trump's claim that Mr Comey had told him three times the president was not directly under investigation.
President Trump himself is expected to dispute Mr Comey's claims that the president demanded loyalty and asked the FBI director to drop the investigation into Mr Flynn.
The president has not yet publicly denied the specifics of Mr Comey's accounts but has broadly challenged his credibility, tweeting last month Mr Comey "better hope there are no 'tapes'" of the conversations.
"Lordy, I hope there are tapes," Mr Comey remarked at one point on Thursday, suggesting such evidence would back up his account over any claims from the president.
But it was a Democrat, Sen Dianne Feinstein of California, who asked the question that many Republicans have raised in the weeks since Mr Comey's firing as one media leak followed another revealing Mr Comey's claims about President Trump's inappropriate interactions with him.
Discussing the Oval Office meeting where Mr Comey says President Trump asked him to back off Mr Flynn, Ms Feinstein asked: "Why didn't you stop and say, 'Mr. President, this is wrong,'?"
"That's a great question," Mr Comey said.
"Maybe if I were stronger I would have. I was so stunned by the conversation I just took it in."
The hearing unfolded amid intense political interest, and within a remarkable political context as Mr Comey delivered detrimental testimony about the president who fired him, a president who won election only after Mr Comey damaged his opponent, Hillary Clinton, in the final days of the campaign.
Ms Clinton has blamed Mr Comey's October 28 announcement that he was re-opening the email investigation for her defeat.
She has argued she was on track to a victory when Mr Comey's move raised fresh doubts about her.
"If the election were on October 27, I would be your president," Ms Clinton said last month.
Many Democrats blame Mr Comey for Ms Clinton's loss, leading President Trump to apparently believe they would applaud him for firing Mr Comey last month.
The opposite was the case as the firing created an enormous political firestorm that has stalled Mr Trump's legislative agenda on Capitol Hill and taken over Washington.
Under questioning on Thursday, Mr Comey strongly asserted the intelligence community's conclusion that Russia did indeed meddle in the 2016 election.
"There should be no fuzz on this. The Russians interfered," Mr Comey stated firmly.
"That happened. It's about as unfake as you can possibly get."
President Trump has begrudgingly accepted the US intelligence assessment that Russia interfered with the election.
But he has also suggested he does not believe it, saying Russia is a "ruse" and calling the investigation into the matter a "witch hunt".