China’s Xi pushes economic reform at North Korea summit
North Korea’s state media said the leaders reached a ‘shared understanding’ on the issues they discussed during their summit in Pyongyang.
Chinese President Xi Jinping offered encouragement for North Korea’s focus on economic development in a speech in Pyongyang, turning to a topic Beijing has long pressed with its communist neighbour amid wider concerns over the North’s nuclear weapons programme.
In an address at a banquet on Thursday night, Mr Xi noted that the nation under leader Kim Jong Un had “initiated a new strategic line of economic development and improving people’s livelihoods, raising socialist construction in the country to a new high tide”, according to China’s official Xinhua News Agency.
Mr Xi left North Korea early on Friday afternoon, Chinese state media reported.
An image posted on the mobile app of state broadcaster CCTV showed people waving at his Air China 747 on the tarmac at the airport in Pyongyang.
The North’s long-moribund economy has shown some recent improvements but it remains heavily dependent on aid – mainly from China – and food security is a constant concern.
China has agreed to UN economic sanctions over the North’s nuclear and missile programmes but is wary of any measures that could push its economy towards collapse, potentially unleashing instability and chaos on its border.
Mr Xi’s speech also touched on the nuclear issue, saying all sides agreed to “stick to peace talks so as to make even greater contributions to peace, stability and prosperity in the region and the wider world”, Xinhua said.
North Korean state media said Mr Xi and Mr Kim held broad discussions over the political situation surrounding the Korean Peninsula and reached a shared understanding on the issues they discussed.
The Korean Central News Agency report did not give any specifics on the stalled nuclear negotiations between Washington and Pyongyang over disagreements in exchanging sanctions relief for disarmament.
“The supreme leaders … broadly exchanged their opinions on the political situation of the Korean Peninsula and other serious international and regional issues,” KCNA said.
They assessed that deepening their relationship was in line with the “mutual interest of the two countries in the face of serious and complicated changes in the environment and would be favourable for the region’s peace, stability and development”.
Chinese state media earlier reported that Mr Kim told Mr Xi he has not received a desired response from Washington and that the US should meet North Korea halfway to “explore resolution plans that accommodate each other’s reasonable concerns”.
Mr Xi said his government is willing to play a constructive role in the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula.
“The international community expects the US and North Korea to continue to talk and achieve results,” he said, according to Chinese state broadcaster CCTV.
His visit to North Korea was the first by a Chinese president in 14 years, and Mr Xi’s first since taking office six years ago.
Mr Xi is expected to meet US President Donald Trump next week in Japan and could pass him a message from Mr Kim about the nuclear negotiations.
Following Thursday’s banquet, the leaders and their wives attended a mass performance of music, dance and calisthenics at a packed 110,000-seat stadium.
The spectacle featured gymnasts, dancers and flip card-holding spectators performing in precise unison – at one point producing a huge image of a waving Chinese flag in the stands, then flipping their cards to show the North Korean flag.
Mr Xi and Mr Kim waved to cheering crowds during the performance, dubbed Invincible Socialism, according to KCNA.
Performing groups sang Chinese favourites and put on what KCNA termed “the peculiar display of Chinese folk dances”.
The show ended with red fireworks over the May Day Stadium.
Nuclear talks between the US and North Korea broke down after the failed summit between Mr Kim and Mr Trump in February in Vietnam.
The US is demanding that North Korea abandon its nuclear weapons entirely before international sanctions are lifted.
North Korea is seeking a step-by-step approach in which moves towards denuclearisation are matched by concessions from the US, notably a relaxation of the sanctions.
“Over more than a year, the North Korean side has taken many positive measures to avoid escalation of the situation and manage and control the peninsular situation, but it hasn’t received an active response from the relevant party,” Mr Kim told Mr Xi on Thursday, according to CCTV.
Mr Xi was expected to endorse North Korea’s calls for an incremental disarmament process.
China is also pushing for a resumption of six-nation disarmament talks it had hosted but which broke down a decade ago.