Taiwan has said China’s military drills appear to simulate an attack on the self-ruled island, after multiple Chinese warships and aircraft crossed the median line of the Taiwan Strait.
Taiwan’s armed forces issued an alert, dispatched air and naval patrols around the island, and activated land-based missile systems in response to the situation, Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defence said.
The ministry said that zones declared by China as no-go areas during the exercises for other ships and aircraft had “seriously damaged the peace”. It emphasised that Taiwan’s military does not seek war, but would prepare and respond for it accordingly.
China’s Ministry of Defence said in a statement on Saturday that it had carried out military exercises as planned in the sea and airspaces to the north, south-west, and east of Taiwan, with a focus on “testing the capabilities” of its land strike and sea assault systems.
China launched live-fire military drills following US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s trip to Taiwan earlier this week, saying that her visit violated the “one-China” policy.
China sees the island as a breakaway province to be annexed by force if necessary, and considers visits to Taiwan by foreign officials as recognising its sovereignty.
Taiwan’s army also said it detected four unmanned aerial vehicles flying in the vicinity of the offshore county of Kinmen on Friday night, Taiwan’s Central News Agency reported.
The four drones, which Taiwan believed were Chinese, were spotted over waters around the Kinmen island group and the nearby Lieyu Island and Beiding islet, according to Taiwan’s Kinmen Defence Command.
Taiwan’s military fired warning flares in response.
“Our government & military are closely monitoring China’s military exercises & information warfare operations, ready to respond as necessary,” Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen said in a tweet.
“I call on the international community to support democratic Taiwan & halt any escalation of the regional security situation,” she added.
Kinmen, also known as Quemoy, is a group of islands administered by Taiwan.
The islands are located roughly 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) east of the Chinese coastal city of Xiamen in Fujian province.
The Chinese military exercises began on Thursday and are expected to last until Sunday.
So far, the drills have included missile strikes on targets in the seas north and south of the island in an echo of the last major Chinese military drills in 1995 and 1996 aimed at intimidating Taiwan’s leaders and voters.
Taiwan has put its military on alert and staged civil defence drills, while the US has numerous naval assets in the area.
The Biden administration and Ms Pelosi have said the US remains committed to a “one-China” policy, which recognises Beijing as the government of China but allows informal relations and defence ties with Taipei.
The administration discouraged but did not prevent Ms Pelosi from visiting.
China has also cut off defence talks with the US and imposed sanctions on Ms Pelosi in retaliation for the visit.
Ms Pelosi has been a long-time advocate of human rights in China.
She, along with other legislators, visited Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in 1991 to support democracy two years after a bloody military crackdown on protesters at the square.
Meanwhile, cyberattacks aimed at bringing down the website of Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs had doubled between Thursday and Friday, compared with similar attacks ahead of Ms Pelosi’s visit, according to Taiwan’s Central News Agency.
The ministry did not specify the origin of the attacks.
Other ministries and government agencies, such as the Ministry of Interior, also faced similar attacks on their websites, according to the report.
A distributed-denial-of-service attack is aimed at overloading a website with requests for information that eventually crashes it, making it inaccessible to other users.
Also on Saturday, the Central News Agency reported that the deputy head of the Taiwan Defence Ministry’s research and development unit, Ou Yang Li-hsing, was found dead in his hotel room after suffering a heart attack.
He was 57 and had supervised several missile production projects.
The report said his hotel room in the southern county of Pingtung, where he was on a business trip, showed no signs of intrusion.
Taiwanese overwhelmingly favour maintaining the status quo of the island’s de facto independence and reject China’s demands that the island unify with the mainland under Communist control.
Globally, most countries subscribe to the “one-China” policy, which is a requirement to maintain diplomatic relations with Beijing.
Any company that fails to recognise Taiwan as part of China often faces swift backlash, often with Chinese consumers pledging to boycott its products.
On Friday, Mars Wrigley, the manufacturer of the Snickers chocolate bar, apologised after it released a video and materials featuring South Korean boy band BTS that had referred to Taiwan as a country, drawing swift criticism from Chinese users.
In a statement on its Weibo account, the company expressed “deep apologies”.
“Mars Wrigley respects China’s national sovereignty and territorial integrity and conducts business operations in strict compliance with local Chinese laws and regulations,” the statement said.
In a separate post, the firm added that there is “only one China” and said that “Taiwan is an inalienable part of China’s territory”.