Thursday 19 July 2018

First pictures of rescued Thai boys in hospital as more detail emerges about their rescue

  • Details surrounding extraordinary rescue emerging
  • Thai authorities show video of boys recovering in hospital, giving thumbs-up sign
Members of the
Members of the "Wild Boars" football team being treated at a hospital in Chiang Rai: AFP/Getty Images
A projected image of the rescued boys in their hospital room during a police press conference in Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via REUTERS
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via REUTERS
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via REUTERS
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via REUTERS

Stephen Wright

The Thai boys saved from a flooded cave endured dives in zero visibility lasting up to half an hour, and in places were put in a harness and high-lined across rocky caverns during the "once-in-a-lifetime" rescue, the leader of the US rescue team said.

Derek Anderson, a 32-year-old rescue specialist with the US air force based in Okinawa, Japan, said the dozen boys, ranging in age from 11 to 16, and their coach, who were trapped for more than two weeks, were "incredibly resilient".

Mr Anderson said: "What was really important was the coach and the boys all came together and discussed staying strong, having the will to live, having the will to survive."

The complicated operation to bring the boys out of the cave began on Sunday, when four were extracted. Four more were brought out on Monday, and the operation ended on Tuesday with the rescue of the last four boys and their 25-year-old coach.

This handout video grab taken from footage released by The Thai government public relations department (PRD) and Government spokesman bureau on July 11, 2018 shows members of the
This handout video grab taken from footage released by The Thai government public relations department (PRD) and Government spokesman bureau on July 11, 2018 shows members of the "Wild Boars" football team being treated at a hospital in Chiang Rai. The 12 boys rescued from a Thai cave were passed "sleeping" on stretchers through the treacherous passageways, a former Thai Navy SEAL told AFP on July 11, giving the first clear details of an astonishing rescue mission that has captivated the world. / AFP PHOTO / Thai government public relations department (PRD) AND Government spokesman bureau / AFP/Getty Images

The 18-day ordeal riveted much of the world - from the awful news that the 13 were missing, to the first flickering video of the huddle of anxious yet smiling boys when they were found by a pair of British divers nearly 10 days later.

The group had entered the sprawling Tham Luang cave in northern Thailand to go exploring after football practice on June 23, but monsoon rains filled the tight passageways, blocking their escape, and pushing them deeper inside in search of refuge.

A projected image of the rescued boys in their hospital room during a police press conference in Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand
A projected image of the rescued boys in their hospital room during a police press conference in Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand
Thongchai Lertwilairatanapong, inspector general of the public health ministry, and Chaiwetch Thanapaisal, director of the Chiang Rai Prachanukroh Hospital, attend a news conference in Chiang Rai, Thailand, July 11, 2018. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu
Thongchai Lertwilairatanapong, inspector general of the public health ministry, and Chaiwetch Thanapaisal, director of the Chiang Rai Prachanukroh Hospital, attend a news conference in Chiang Rai, Thailand, July 11, 2018. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu
Thongchai Lertwilairatanapong (L), inspector general of the public health ministry, and Chaiwetch Thanapaisal, director of the Chiang Rai Prachanukroh Hospital, attend a news conference in Chiang Rai, Thailand, July 11, 2018. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu
Media microphones are seen on a chair during a news conference at the Chiang Rai Prachanukroh hospital in Chiang Rai, Thailand July 11, 2018. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu
U.S. Air Force Master Sargent Derek Anderson talks about the risky operation of extracting the trapped boys and their soccer coach to Associated Press during an exclusive interview in Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand, Wednesday, July 11, 2018. Andersen explained the long challenging dives the boys had to endure in zero visibility through long narrow passageways to exit the flooded cave after 18 days of being trapped. (AP Photo/Vincent Thian)
Chiang Rai province Acting Governor Narongsak Osatanakorn speaks to journalists during his news conference near Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai, Thailand, July 11, 2018. REUTERS/Soe Zeya Tun
Chiang Rai province Acting Governor Narongsak Osatanakorn speaks to journalists during his news conference near Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai, Thailand, July 11, 2018. REUTERS/Soe Zeya Tun
Members of the media try to photograph a projected image of the rescued boys in their hospital room during a police press conference in Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand, Wednesday, July 11, 2018. A daring rescue mission in the treacherous confines of a flooded cave in northern Thailand has saved all 12 boys and their soccer coach who were trapped deep within the labyrinth, ending a grueling 18-day ordeal that claimed the life of an experienced volunteer diver and riveted people around the world. (AP Photo)
Members of the media try to photograph a projected image of the rescued boys in their hospital room during a police press conference in Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand, Wednesday, July 11, 2018. A daring rescue mission in the treacherous confines of a flooded cave in northern Thailand has saved all 12 boys and their soccer coach who were trapped deep within the labyrinth, ending a grueling 18-day ordeal that claimed the life of an experienced volunteer diver and riveted people around the world. (AP Photo)
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via REUTERS
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via REUTERS
Rescue personnel work at the Tham Luang cave complex in the northern province of Chiang Rai,ÊThailand July, 2018 in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media. THAI NAVY SEAL/via REUTERS

The scale of the challenge confronting rescuers from Thailand, Britain, Australia and other countries only truly dawned on the US team after it arrived at the cave in the early hours of June 28 as rain poured down on the region.

Thailand's government had requested US assistance.

"The cave was dry when we arrived, and within an hour and half it had already filled up by 2 to 3 feet and we were being pushed out," said Mr Anderson, the son of missionaries, who was born in Syracuse, New York, and grew up in Ecuador.

"That was just in the very beginning of the cave and at that point we realised this problem is going to be much more complex than we thought."

Thailand's decision to dive the boys out despite their weak condition and lack of diving experience was made when a window of opportunity was provided by relatively mild weather.

A massive operation to pump water out also meant air pockets were created at crucial points of the cave, making a rescue possible.

Members of the
Members of the "Wild Boars" football team being treated at a hospital in Chiang Rai: AFP/Getty Images

Falling oxygen levels, risk of sickness and the imminent prospect of more rain flooding the cave complex for months meant "the long-term survivability of the boys in the cave was becoming a less and less feasible option," Mr Anderson said.

Divers practised their rescue techniques in a swimming pool with local children about the same height and weight as the members of the Wild Boars football team trapped in the cave.

The aim, Mr Anderson said, was to make each of the boys "tightly packaged" so divers could keep control of them and adjust their air supply as needed. The process lasted hours for each boy, and involved them getting through long passageways barely bigger than an adult body.

Buoyancy compensators that establish neutral buoyancy underwater, hooded wetsuits, bungee cords and special face masks were carried by divers to the cramped patch of dry elevated ground where the boys were huddled.

The positive pressure masks were "really crucial", Mr Anderson said.

Their use meant that even if a boy panicked - perhaps because of getting snagged in a narrow passage - and got water inside his mask, the pressure would expel it.

Initial attempts to locate the boys were twice unsuccessful because the force of cold hypothermia-inducing floodwaters rushing into narrow passages made them impassable.

Even as conditions improved, and divers began laying life-saving rope guidelines through the cave, it was perilous.

Mr Anderson said: "In this type of cave diving, you have to lay line, rope, that's your lifeline. You have to ensure when you go in you have a way out.

"They were making progress, but it was very little progress and they were exhausting themselves spending maybe five or six hours and covering 40 or 50 metres (30-165ft)."

There were about a hundred people inside the cave for each rescue operation, Mr Anderson said, and each boy was handled by dozens of people as their perilous movement through a total of nine chambers unfolded.

In some phases they were guided by two divers. In some narrow passages they were connected to only one diver.

In caverns with air pockets they were "floated" through with the support of four rescuers.

Some sections were completely dry but treacherously rocky or deep.

"We had to set up rope systems and high-lines to be able to safely put them in a harness and bring them across large open areas so they wouldn't have to go all the way down," Mr Anderson said.

Cylinders placed at locations throughout the cave for replenishing the boys' air supply were "jammed" with 80% oxygen instead of regular air because "that would plus up their oxygen saturation levels and that would be really good for them, their mental state," he said.

"The world just needs to know that what was accomplished was a once in a lifetime rescue that I think has never been done before.

"We were extremely fortunate that the outcome was the way it was. It's important to realise how complex and how many pieces of this puzzle had to come together.

"If you lose your cool in an environment like that, there is a lot of bad repercussions."

Read more here:

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Thai cave boys lost weight but ‘took care of themselves’

Father of doctor involved in Thailand cave rescue dies 

Why are the Thailand cave boys being quarantined, and what lies ahead for them?

Rescued Thai boys will not attend World Cup final 

Joy as daring rescue saves boys and football coach from Thai cave 

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