Bruised Australian PM Tony Abbott survives leadership challenge
Conservative Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott survived a challenge to his leadership on Monday after his ruling Liberal Party voted down an attempt to unseat him after weeks of infighting that had threatened to derail his government.
In a secret party room ballot, the vote to declare the positions of party leader and deputy leader vacant was defeated by 61 votes to 39, chief party whip Philip Ruddock told reporters.
Despite having survived the vote, a consensus was forming across Australian media that the large number of votes against Abbott indicated a lack of support so damaging as to potentially render him a lame duck.
Following the vote, online gambling site Sportingbet.com.au had Communications Minister Malcolm Turnbull as the A$1.60 favourite to be prime minister at the next election. Abbott was at odds of A$2.75, while Foreign Minister Julie Bishop was A$6.50, an indication of the damage done.
The motion was brought on Friday by an MP from Western Australia after mounting criticism of Abbott's leadership, culminating in his awarding of an Australian knighthood to Queen Elizabeth's husband, Prince Philip.
No member of the government had indicated a direct challenge to Abbott, although most attention had focused on Turnbull, a former party leader toppled by Abbott.
Abbott has faced a torrent of criticism in recent weeks over policy decisions ranging from his handling of the economy to the knighthood.
Abbott, who had described the call for a leadership vote as a "very chastening experience", vowed ahead of the poll to be more consultative in his approach after several of his so-called "captain's calls" backfired on his administration.
If Abbott had been ousted, Australia would have had its sixth prime minister in eight years.
Opinion polls have consistently shown voters prefer Turnbull to lead the party but his views on a carbon trading scheme, marriage equality and support for an Australian republic have made him unpopular with the right wing of his party.
Bishop, also deputy leader of Abbott's party, had been touted as either a potential successor to Abbott or party deputy under Turnbull.
Seen as one of the best-performing ministers in Abbott's cabinet, Bishop had said she would vote against the motion but had not ruled out standing if the positions had been declared vacant.
Removing Abbott would have required more than 51 of the 101 members of the federal Liberal Party at the party-room vote.