Tuesday 21 January 2020

Space crash may have created 'X'

A mystery object was discovered on January 6 - a bizarre X-pattern of filamentary structures
A mystery object was discovered on January 6 - a bizarre X-pattern of filamentary structures

X marks the spot of a "smash-up" in space which has left astronomers baffled.

The X-shaped comet-like object may have been created by a collision of two asteroids, possibly siblings of the rogue rock blamed for killing the dinosaurs millions of years ago, scientists said.

Nasa said the debris pattern and trailing streamers of dust is mysterious and that the images caught on its Hubble Space Telescope suggest a head-on collision between two asteroids.

The object, named P/2010 A2, was circling about 90 million miles from earth in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter when it was spotted last week.

A Nasa spokesman said: "Astronomers have long thought the asteroid belt is being ground down through collisions but such a smash-up has never been seen before."

Asteroid collisions are energetic, with an average impact speed of more than 11,000 miles per hour, or five times faster than a rifle bullet, according to the Nasa website.

David Jewitt, of the University of California, Los Angeles, said: "This is quite different from the smooth dust envelopes of normal comets.

"The filaments are made of dust and gravel, presumably recently thrown out of the nucleus. Some are swept back by radiation pressure from sunlight to create straight dust streaks. Embedded in the filaments are co-moving blobs of dust that likely originated from tiny unseen parent bodies.

"If this interpretation is correct, two small and previously unknown asteroids recently collided, creating a shower of debris that is being swept back into a tail from the collision site by the pressure of sunlight."

The orbit of P/2010 A2 is consistent with membership in the Flora asteroid family, produced by "collisional shattering" around 100 million years ago, Nasa said.

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