Nelson Mandela in "serious but stable" condition in hospital
Former South African president Nelson Mandela was in a "serious but stable" condition today after being taken to hospital with a recurrence of a lung infection, the government said.
The 94-year-old, who became the first black leader of Africa's biggest economy in 1994 after historic all-race elections, has been in hospital three times since December. He has been battling the infection for a few days, the government said in a statement.
"This morning at about 1:30 a.m. (2330 GMT) his condition deteriorated and he was transferred to a Pretoria hospital. He remains in a serious but stable condition," it said.
The government's choice of words, in particular the use of "serious", was clear cause for concern to South Africa's 53 million people, for whom Mandela remains a potent symbol of the struggle against decades of white-minority rule.
"It's such painful news but I pray for him that he can get better and better and better as he is the best man in this country," said Pretoria resident Khodani Mulwena.
Presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj said he was optimistic about the health of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
"What I am told by doctors is that he is breathing on his own and I think that is a positive sign," he said. "Madiba is a fighter and at his age, as long as he is fighting he will be fine," Maharaj said, referring to Mandela by his clan name.
Mandela's wife, Graca Machel, accompanied him to the hospital, the South African Press Association reported. Machel had been scheduled to speak on Saturday at a conference on hunger in London but cancelled the engagement, SAPA reported.
Mandela stepped down as president in 1999 after one term in office and has been removed from politics for a decade. His last appearance in public was at the final of the soccer World Cup in Johannesburg in 2010.
He appeared in a brief television clip aired by state television in April during a visit to his home by President Jacob Zuma.
At the time, the ruling African National Congress (ANC) assured the public Mandela was "in good shape", although the footage showed a thin and frail old man sitting expressionless in an armchair with his head propped against a pillow.
"TOO MUCH A SAINT"
Since his withdrawal from public life, he has divided his time between his plush Johannesburg home and Qunu, the village in the impoverished Eastern Cape province where he was born and spent his early years.
Mandela spent nearly three weeks in hospital in December with a lung infection and after surgery to remove gallstones.
That was his longest stay in hospital since his release from prison in 1990 after serving almost three decades behind bars or on the Robben Island prison camp near Cape Town for conspiring to overthrow the apartheid government.
His history of lung problems dates back to his years on Robben Island, where he contracted tuberculosis.
Although he remains widely revered, Mandela is not without detractors at home and in the rest of Africa who feel he made too many concessions to whites, who make up just 10 percent of the population, in the post-apartheid settlement.
Despite more than 10 years of affirmative action policies aimed at redressing the balance, South Africa remains one of the world's most unequal societies with whites still controlling much of the economy.
On average a white household earns six times more than a black one.
"Mandela has gone a bit too far in doing good to the non-black communities, really in some cases at the expense of (blacks)," Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, 89, said in a documentary aired on South African television this month.
"That's being too saintly, too good, too much of a saint."
Meanwhile, Mandela's wife cancelled an appearance at a hunger summit today as her husband was treated in hospital for a lung infection.
It is thought Graca Machel had flown back to South Africa to be with her stricken 94-year-old husband.
Ms Machel was due to address the Nutrition for Growth meeting in London this afternoon.
But her name was removed from the provisional list of speakers this morning with organisers saying she had to cancel "for personal reasons".
Ms Machel was pencilled in to speak between 12.30 and 1pm alongside Bill Gates, Justine Greening the Secretary of State for International Development, and Chris Cooper-Hohn, of the Children's Investment Fund Foundation.
But as news emerged of Mr Mandela's treatment in hospital, the line-up was changed and Ms Machel's attendance cancelled.
The broadcaster Henry Bonsu, who is compering the event, said: "She sends her apologies and regrets not being here to attend her session."
Ms Machel was also due to attend a rally in the capital's Hyde Park demanding the G8 takes action on the causes of Third World hunger.
Brendan Cox, spokesman for the Enough Food For Everyone IF campaign, said: "We're sad that Graca Machel was not able to attend the Big IF because of family reasons.
"Our thoughts are with her and her family."