Friday 19 January 2018

Millions face starvation in war-torn South Sudan

A boy is tested for malnutrition at an emergency medical facility in Kuach, South Sudan Photo: Kate Holt/UNICEF via AP
A boy is tested for malnutrition at an emergency medical facility in Kuach, South Sudan Photo: Kate Holt/UNICEF via AP

Denis Dumo

Parts of war-ravaged South Sudan are suffering famine, a government official said yesterday, adding nearly half the country's population would lack reliable access to affordable food by July.

South Sudan has been mired in civil war since 2013, when President Salva Kiir fired his deputy. Since then the conflict has increasingly split the country along ethnic lines, leading the United Nations to warn of a potential genocide.

The fighting has prevented many farmers from harvesting their crops, and hyperinflation, which reached more than 800pc last year, has put the price of imported food beyond the reach of many.

Parts of the country have also been hit by drought.

"In greater Unity [state], some counties are classified in famine or ... risk of famine," Isaiah Chol Aruai, chairman of South Sudan's National Bureau of Statistics, told a news conference in Juba.

Mr Aruai said some 4.9 million people were expected to become "food insecure" between February and April, with that number rising to 5.5 million by July.

"Famine has become a tragic reality in parts of South Sudan and our worst fears have been realised," Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) South Sudan representative, Serge Tissot, said at the news conference.

The United Nations defines famine as when at least 20pc of households in an area face extreme food shortages, acute malnutrition rates exceed 30pc, and two or more people per 10,000 are dying per day.

The fighting has uprooted more than three million people and a UN report released yesterday said continuing displacement presented "heightened risks of prolonged (food) underproduction into 2018".

South Sudan is rich in oil resources. But, six years after independence from neighbouring Sudan, there are only 200km of paved roads in a nation the size of Texas. In the fighting, food warehouses have been looted and aid workers killed.

Mr Kiir's government has been hit by high-profile defections. Two top military officials resigned last week, citing ethnic favouritism, human rights abuses and other charges.

Brigadier General Kamila Otwari Aleardo Paul, who had been in charge of logistic support in the military, also resigned yesterday, accusing the government of tribalism.

Lul Ruai Koang, spokesman for the armed forces, said the three defections would not hamper the operations of the military.

"The military is not a one-man show," he told a news conference, adding it was not clear which country in the region the military officials had gone to.

Irish Independent

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