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Mali Bamako hotel siege: Timeline of the country's terrorist attacks

Mali hostage siege: At least three of 170 hostages killed as up to 12 gunmen storm luxury hotel Close

In this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, a security officer gives instructions to other security forces inside the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (Mali TV ORTM,  AP)

In this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, a security officer gives instructions to other security forces inside the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (Mali TV ORTM, AP)

A Mali trooper assists a hostage to leave the scene from the Radisson Blu hotel to safety. (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

A Mali trooper assists a hostage to leave the scene from the Radisson Blu hotel to safety. (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

Still image from video shows a hostage rushed out of the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters

Still image from video shows a hostage rushed out of the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters

In this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, security forces help hostages to safety, inside the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (Mali TV ORTM,  AP)

In this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, security forces help hostages to safety, inside the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (Mali TV ORTM, AP)

Still image from video shows the lobby of the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters

Still image from video shows the lobby of the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters

Still image from video show a hostage rushed out from the Radisson hotel in Bamako. Reuters

Still image from video show a hostage rushed out from the Radisson hotel in Bamako. Reuters

In this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, security forces crouch down outside the Radisson Blu Hotel  hotel in Bamako, Mali. (Mali TV ORTM,  AP) MALI OUT

In this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, security forces crouch down outside the Radisson Blu Hotel hotel in Bamako, Mali. (Mali TV ORTM, AP) MALI OUT

Still image from video show a hostage rushed out from the Radisson hotel in Bamako. Reuters

Still image from video show a hostage rushed out from the Radisson hotel in Bamako. Reuters

Malian security forces prepare to transport hostages freed from the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces prepare to transport hostages freed from the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces evacuate hostages freed from the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces evacuate hostages freed from the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces evacuate two women from an area surrounding the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces evacuate two women from an area surrounding the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces evacuate two women from an area surrounding the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces evacuate two women from an area surrounding the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position near the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position near the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces escort a hostage freed from the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces escort a hostage freed from the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. Photo: AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. Photo: AFP/Getty Images

Onlookers gather near the Radisson Blu hotel after gunmen stormed the building in Bamako, Mali.(AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

Onlookers gather near the Radisson Blu hotel after gunmen stormed the building in Bamako, Mali.(AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

Security forces escorts a man  from the Radisson Blu hotel entrance area were gunmen attacked in Bamako, Mali (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

Security forces escorts a man from the Radisson Blu hotel entrance area were gunmen attacked in Bamako, Mali (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

Outside the hotel this morning

Outside the hotel this morning

Outside the hotel this morning

Outside the hotel this morning

Security force personnel escort people fleeing from the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

Security force personnel escort people fleeing from the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

People run to flee from the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

People run to flee from the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (AP Photo/Harouna Traore)

The scene in Mali this morning

The scene in Mali this morning

Malian security forces take position near the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian security forces take position near the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Malian troops take position outside the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako. AFP/Getty Images

Security forces drive near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Security forces drive near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Security forces drive near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Security forces drive near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Security forces drive an armored vehicle near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Security forces drive an armored vehicle near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Security forces drive an armored vehicle near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Security forces drive an armored vehicle near the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali. Reuters/Adama Diarra

Gunmen stormed the hotel screaming 'Allahu Akbar' or "God is great" in Arabic. Photo: Google maps

Gunmen stormed the hotel screaming 'Allahu Akbar' or "God is great" in Arabic. Photo: Google maps

Press being updated outside the hotel

Press being updated outside the hotel

The Raddison Blu hotel in Mali

The Raddison Blu hotel in Mali

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In this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, a security officer gives instructions to other security forces inside the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako, Mali. (Mali TV ORTM, AP)

The deadly attack in the Malian capital of Bamako follows more than four years of increasing instability in the country

Gunmen stormed a hotel in the Malian capital, Bamako, taking 170 more hostage today.

The two unidentified men entered the hotel at around 7am on Friday and a Malian army commander has claimed they shouted “Allah Akbar” or “God is great” as they opened fire on guards.

The attack is latest in a string of terrorist and insurgent attacks in the African country over the last four years.

October 2011

People from the Tuareg, or Berber, ethnic minority group form the Azawad National Liberation Movement (MNLA) and began an insurgency against the Malian government in the north.

Many Tuareg people had returned from fighting against Colonel Gaddafi in Libya - taking their weapons home with them.

Mali’s Tuareg people, who make up 10 per cent of the population, have complained they have marginalised by the southern government.

March 2012

The army stage a successful coup against the government after months of frustration over its handling of the rebellion.

President Amadou Toumani Touré is later forced into exile during negotiations to restore democracy.

Meanwhile, Tuareg and al-Qaeda linked forces seize control of the north of the country.

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June 2012

Islamist groups capture Timbuktu, Kidal and Gao from Tuareg rebels in the centre of the country and begin to destroy its ancient manuscripts and Muslim shrines.

January 2013

The French military begins operations against Islamist militants in the north after plea for help from Malian government.

Islamist fighters encroach further south raising fears they will capture Bamako.

June-July 2013

A peace deal is signed with Tuareg rebels and 120,000 UN troops take over responsibility for pushing out the Islamists after seizing back northern towns.

December 2013

The peace deal with Tuareg rebels breaks down.

July-December 2014

France launches a new attack on the Sahel desert to route out Islamists and claims to have killed over 200 jihadists.

March 2015

A masked gunman kills five people in a machine-gun and grenade attack in Bamako.

November 2015

Masked gunmen take 170 hostage in a hotel in the capital.


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