Tuesday 20 August 2019

Meghan and Harry pay tribute to Prince Philip with baby Archie's surname

Prince Harry and Meghan Markle hold their baby son Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor as Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip and Doria Ragland look on. Picture: Chris Allerton/@sussexroyal
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle hold their baby son Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor as Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip and Doria Ragland look on. Picture: Chris Allerton/@sussexroyal
United they stand: Kate, William, Meghan and Harry attending Christmas service at Sandringham last year. Photo: Chris Jackson/Getty Images
Group shot: The family snap with Meghan centre stage. Photo: Getty Images
(L-R) Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Meghan Markle and Prince Harry attend Christmas Day Church service at Church of St Mary Magdalene on December 25, 2017 in King's Lynn, England. (Photo by Chris Jackson/Getty Images)
(L-R) Britain's Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Britain's Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Britain's Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and US actress and finacee of Britain's Prince Harry Meghan Markle arrive to attend the Royal Family's traditional Christmas Day church service at St Mary Magdalene Church in Sandringham, Norfolk, eastern England, on December 25, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / Adrian DENNISADRIAN DENNIS/AFP/Getty Images
Prince Harry chats to Queen Elizabeth II on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during the annual Trooping the Colour Ceremony on June 15, 2013 in London, England.
Britain's Queen Elizabeth II (L) accompanied by Britain's Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (R) waves to the crowd, June 2, 1953 after being crowned at Westminter Abbey in London. - Elizabeth married the Duke of Edinburgh on the 20th of November 1947 and was proclaimed Queen in 1952 at age 25. Her coronation was the first worldwide televised event. (Photo by - / INTERCONTINENTALE / AFP)

Laura Elston

Britain's Duke and Duchess of Sussex's baby son Archie has the surname his great-grandfather the Duke of Edinburgh was not permitted to give to his own children.

After Elizabeth II's accession in 1952, the Queen declared that the royal family's surname would still be Windsor and not Mountbatten, much to the Duke of Edinburgh's annoyance.

"I'm just a bloody amoeba," he is said to have shouted, when learning his children would not bear his surname, complaining he was the only man in the country not allowed to do so.

In 1960, the Queen, in a gesture to her aggrieved husband, gave him a concession.

The Duke and Duchess of Sussex with their baby son Archie (Dominic Lipinski/PA)
The Duke and Duchess of Sussex with their baby son Archie (Dominic Lipinski/PA)

It was announced that the Queen's direct descendants - other than those with the style of royal highness and the title of prince or princess - when they needed a surname would use Mountbatten-Windsor, although the royal house remained the House of Windsor.

Harry and Meghan have named their son Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor.

Royal author Penny Junor said: "I would think the Duke of Edinburgh would be absolutely thrilled with that."

She added: "Archie is a lovely name, but the fact that they've chosen to call him Mountbatten-Windsor.

"Prince Philip was never allowed to call his children by his own surname.

"I think that's a really nice tribute to Harry's grandfather."

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II (L) accompanied by Britain's Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (R) waves to the crowd, June 2, 1953 after being crowned at Westminter Abbey in London. - Elizabeth married the Duke of Edinburgh on the 20th of November 1947 and was proclaimed Queen in 1952 at age 25. Her coronation was the first worldwide televised event. (Photo by - / INTERCONTINENTALE / AFP)
Britain's Queen Elizabeth II (L) accompanied by Britain's Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (R) waves to the crowd, June 2, 1953 after being crowned at Westminter Abbey in London. - Elizabeth married the Duke of Edinburgh on the 20th of November 1947 and was proclaimed Queen in 1952 at age 25. Her coronation was the first worldwide televised event. (Photo by - / INTERCONTINENTALE / AFP)

A delighted-looking Philip was pictured with his great-grandson, alongside the Queen, who was smiling broadly, and Harry and the duchess's proud mother Doria Ragland, as Meghan showed off their baby in her arms.

The duke and duchess could have chosen for their son to use a courtesy title and become an earl instead.

The surname Mountbatten-Windsor first appeared on an official document in 1973, in the marriage register at Westminster Abbey for the wedding of Princess Anne to Captain Mark Phillips.

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge used the surname during an invasion of privacy court case in France over photos taken of Kate while she was on holiday in 2012.

The Earl and Countess of Wessex's 15-year-old daughter is Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor, although it was announced when her name was revealed in 2003 that she would be known as Lady Louise Windsor.

Philip became a naturalised British subject ahead of his 1947 wedding to Princess Elizabeth.

He ditched his surname Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg - the family name of the Danish royal house from which his father was descended - for Mountbatten, an Anglicised version of Battenberg, his mother's family name.

The royal family's name was radically switched to Windsor more than 100 years ago because of anti-German feeling during the First World War.

King George V decided that it was inappropriate for the royals to hold the German name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - which came to the family in 1840 with the marriage of Queen Victoria to Prince Albert - while Britain was fighting Germany.

On July 17 1917, the king issued a royal proclamation changing the royals' house and surname, declaring that they would "be styled and known as the House and Family of Windsor".

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