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Just how much has fixture congestion affected Manchester United? The numbers that tell a different story


Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho

Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho


Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho

Roy Keane’s comments on Jose Mourinho’s fixture complaints last week might have caused a stir, but it’s worth considering the former Manchester United captain was speaking from personal experience.

These are Keane’s words from his first autobiography about the triumphant 1998-99 treble campaign, when his side ended up playing 63 games, a figure that would be one fewer than United’s this season if they do reach the Europa League final.

“You enter the concentration zone, live for the game and its attendant responsibilities to the exclusion of almost everything else,” Keane wrote. “Football is all-consuming. For a Manchester United player, perpetually chasing results and trophies, there is no respite. It’s a selfish existence. Wonderful, yes, exacting…”

Those comments also echo a recent column by Jamie Carragher about an even more relevant situation, when Liverpool were going for the treble of the old Uefa Cup and both domestic knock-out trophies. “The buzz we had in 2000-01 was unique," the former defender wrote. "That campaign was like nothing I ever experienced for the intensity that seemed to surround every fixture.”

That “buzz” and “wonder” are a world away from the weariness Mourinho has seemingly constantly displayed about United’s current schedule. Far from publicly firing up his players with the idea they are on the brink of something brilliant, he is now talking up the prospect of mental fatigue. You could fairly wonder about the effect that has on his squad’s mood, except the entire issue throws up a lot more questions. There is a middle ground here.

If Mourinho is mostly indulging in his typical expectation-management, but does have a point about how the English authorities treat Premier League clubs in Europe, he is also not the only one talking about it. It feels like the number of fixtures you have, and especially the absence of continental football, has become a more pronounced theme than ever before.

The size of a club’s fixture list is now seen as more decisive in the title race than ever with what Leicester City did, more decisive in the Champions League chase than ever with what Liverpool are doing, and with the consequences of all of that obviously having a significance for what all clubs can do in the transfer market in future.

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So, what is the actual truth? How damaging should a dense fixture list actually be for a club like Manchester United? How genuinely influential is the intensity of the schedule on the league?

For a start, this is nothing new or novel, making the extremity of Mourinho’s complaints all the more conspicuous. As long ago as 1967-68, John Giles was arguing about how Leeds United’s 65 games cost them winning more than the old Fairs Cup that season, and Manchester United’s current schedule would just about make the top five of heaviest Premier League schedules in the last decade [open itals] if [close] they make the Europa League final.

Some of those who have faced more gruelling campaigns are instructive. They are: Liverpool’s double runners-up of 2015-16 on 63; Mourinho’s own 2006-07 double-cup winning Chelsea on 64; Manchester United’s title-winning Champions League finalists of 2008-09 on 66; and - perhaps most relevantly given the profile of the squad and what they were going for - Rafa Benitez’s Europa League-winning Chelsea of 2012-13, who also had a mid-season trip to Japan.

If Mourinho’s current United are obviously not expected to win everything as in 2008-09, nor be satisfied with finishing eighth like Liverpool last season, it should not be beyond them to claim two trophies and a top-four place. Benitez did very well in this regard, as Sir Alex Ferguson even said at the time.


Republic of Ireland assistant manager Roy Keane during a press conference at FAI National Training Centre, in Abbotstown, Co. Dublin. Photo by David Maher/Sportsfile

Republic of Ireland assistant manager Roy Keane during a press conference at FAI National Training Centre, in Abbotstown, Co. Dublin. Photo by David Maher/Sportsfile


Republic of Ireland assistant manager Roy Keane during a press conference at FAI National Training Centre, in Abbotstown, Co. Dublin. Photo by David Maher/Sportsfile

Roy Keane

This is the life of a big club. As Keane argued, intense schedules are part of the deal. Mourinho of course knows this better than anyone, having guided multiple clubs through similar. In the Portuguese’s first spell at Chelsea and then through the 2004-09 ‘big four’ era that he played a huge part in solidifying, the average number of games played by all English Champions League qualifiers was 58.4. Seasons like this were par for the course.

That obviously means life has changed for the big clubs since then, and this is where Mourinho has something of a point. When it was just the four same clubs always qualifying for the Champions League, it helped insulate them, creating a gap between that quartet and the rest and also instilling them with the European experience that meant they regularly got to the last four. This also acted as a great equaliser in terms of amount of fixtures.

That has changed. There are now a big six rather than a big four, and a side who suddenly have more time to keep everyone fresh and perfect training-ground approaches will suddenly have a significant advantage. That is proved by how Liverpool finished second in 2013-14 after just 43 games, Leicester won the title last season after the same amount, and Chelsea are doing similar this year with what would be a maximum possible of 47. They have brought the average games for the top four in the last three years down to 52.3, a difference of more than eight from the ‘big four’ era.

At the same time, that change shouldn’t be overstated when it comes to who can win what. All three of those came from freak seasons where United had appointed David Moyes, absolutely everything fell right for Leicester, and Chelsea don’t have European football because of the chaos of last term.

They are unlikely to be repeated, and all of the big six will be in continental competition in 2017-18. Not all of the big six, however, will have the same budgets. This is just one other way that the Premier League, like with its broadcasting deal, has convolutedly come to a competitive balance.

The true 'wealthy four' of Manchester City, Chelsea, Manchester United and Arsenal should really have the resources - and certainly above Liverpool and Spurs - to balance a series of competitions and do well in them.

That, again, is life at a big club. Barcelona and Real Madrid are regularly facing those seasons, and in a league where their teams outperform everyone in the Europa League. Sevilla have played an average of 60.7 games over the past three seasons, for example, compared to Barcelona’s 60.3. Back home, Alex Ferguson’s last few seasons regularly saw his sides play 60-game seasons. Even a patchier United got to the Champions League final and won the league title in 2010-11 despite that exact amount of 60. Given everything that happened that season with injuries and Wayne Rooney’s contract, they aren’t too far ahead of the current squad, one Mourinho said he was happy with back in August.

It’s also not like the good team with the least amount of fixtures is guaranteed to win the title, let alone qualify for the Champions League. City won it in the first of these more open seasons in 2013-14 despite more matches than anyone on 57. In fact, that made it four of the last 10 campaigns where the most stretched squad stole away the Premier League.

None of this is to say Mourinho doesn’t have something of a point. The science demands that players should have at least 72 hours between games, and it helps the development and devastating effect of a side if the same core squad can build deeper on-pitch relationships over a greater number of games. Chopping and changing doesn’t help that.

The point is that most of the clubs face this. All managers except Antonio Conte and Jurgen Klopp have these complaints this season, and it is one area where Mourinho and Arsene Wenger would find a lot of common ground. United have actually just played three games more than City, and six more than Arsenal and the lesser-resourced Spurs, with some of them the Community Shield and dead-rubber Europa League games.

Whether it’s right or wrong, dealing with this has become a key management skill in itself, and one Mourinho has proven himself very adept at. He does have a point, but the fixture list is not the ultimate proof of why someone wins what.

Too many games has become far too big a topic of discussion. The numbers actually indicate that.

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