UEFA president Michel Platini has warned of mafia involvement in match-fixing - but his call for a Europe-wide sports police force has fallen on deaf ears.
Platini said match-fixers were not "petty criminals" but money launderers and that such a police force could also tackle hooliganism.
In his speech at the UEFA Congress in London, Platini said: "We are protecting our sport from this scourge with all the means at our disposal, but, unfortunately, that is sometimes not enough.
"We are not dealing with petty criminals who are looking to make ends meet.
"It would seem that we are, in some instances, dealing with mafia-type organisations that are using certain matches to launder money, tarnishing our sport in the process.
"We can take reassurance from the fact that this is far from being a widespread phenomenon. However, just one fixed match is one match too many.
"Six years ago now, in response to this problem of betting, corruption and match-fixing, as well as the problems of hooliganism and doping, I called for the establishment of a European sports police force.
"There has been no response to those calls so far. Given the absence of any reaction and the lack of awareness on the part of politicians, I renew that call today.
"And if, by misfortune, this call again falls on deaf ears, I ask that each country, at the very least, adopts specific provisions of national legislation addressing the issue of match-fixing, in order to finally have the legal tools necessary to rigorously punish these cheats."
Platini said only 10 of UEFA's 53 countries had legislation that outlaws match-fixing - Britain is one of those.
"That's not many, and not enough," added the UEFA president.
Platini also praised the Premier League and Football League for bringing in spending controls for clubs similar to UEFA's financial fair play rules.
He said: "In order to prevent the current system from collapsing and stop the bubble from bursting, UEFA had a duty to step in, and it will be up to independent bodies to punish the few clubs that have not realised that football can no longer live above the rules.
"The Premier League and the Football League have themselves grasped the importance of this matter and the need to adopt financial fair play.
"In this respect, I congratulate England's professional clubs, who have decided, of their own accord, to follow UEFA's example.
"The rules adopted are not exactly the same, but the philosophy is identical. And I can assure you that this is the path to follow.
"UEFA's 53 member associations also agreed to adopt a resolution approving anti-racism measures.
It will see a 10-match ban for players and officials found guilty of racism in European matches.
Racism by fans will be punished by partial stadium closure for a first offence, with a full stadium closure for a second offence.
The resolution will still allow national associations to have different sanctions - in England the Football Association last week announced a five-match minimum ban for on-pitch racism.
Platini said: "This is a great moment in our struggle against racism."
UEFA also voted to include Gibraltar as a member nation, its 54th.
There had been opposition from Spain but the Gibraltar FA won a case at the Court of Arbitration for Sport obliging UEFA to accept the British overseas territory as a member.