Former World Cup winner Patrick Vieira has announced his retirement from professional football.
The former Arsenal star can rightfully be considered one of the most gifted midfielders of the Premier League era. During his career he also built a reputation as one of the fieriest competitors of modern times.
Here, we recall some famous flashpoints.
MARCH 1998: Clashes with West Ham's Ian Pearce after the final whistle and charged with misconduct by the Football Association. Fined £3,000 by FA and warned to his future conduct.
SEPTEMBER 1998: Appears to make gesture at Sheffield Wednesday fans at Hillsborough and is involved in incident with police officers in tunnel. Fined £20,000 for gesture but cleared of assaulting police officer.
SEPTEMBER 1999: TV pictures capture him spitting at Neil Ruddock after being sent off against West Ham. Reported to FA after clashing with police officer in tunnel. Given six-match ban for West Ham incident consisting of a four-match ban plus a £30,000 fine for spitting, and a two-match ban plus £15,000 fine for confrontation with the police officer.
NOVEMBER 2000: Caught on camera apparently head-butting Eirik Bakke (right) and kicking Olivier Dacourt in the throat in match with Leeds at Elland Road but is not booked. Charged with misconduct after the video advisory panel review footage of the Leeds game. Found guilty of misconduct and given one-match ban and £10,000 fine after being found guilty of kicking Dacourt but cleared of butting Bakke.
FEBRUARY 2005: Referee Graham Poll has to separate Vieira and Manchester United skipper Roy Keane after they clash in tunnel before the Gunners' 4-2 defeat at Highbury. Old rival Keane accused the Frenchman of picking on Gary Neville in the tunnel and the two argued, culminating with Keane saying to Vieira: "See you out there. Shut your mouth."
FEBRUARY 2010: After returning to the Premier League with Manchester City, Vieira took no time at all to return to his wicked ways. The Frenchman kicked out at Stoke City's Glenn Whelan just a month after signing for the Sky Blues. The act was not punished during the match, but he received a three-match ban after accepting a Football Association charge of violent conduct.
LACKING DISCIPLINE: Vieira holds the record for the most red cards received in the Premier League era with eight. He shares the record with Duncan Ferguson and Richard Dunne. He also received over 70 yellow cards during his time at Arsenal.