Key rule changes for 2014
1) Introduction of a black card for cynical fouls.
2) Changes in number of substitutions allowed from five to six.
3) Distinction between deliberate and accidental fouls.
4) A new definition of the tackle.
5) A clearer definition of the advantage rule which gives referees the freedom to allow play to develop for five seconds before making a decision.
6) Scoring – points may be scored with the open hand. A closed fist is no longer required.
7) Players will be required to wear gumshields from January 1.
Five fouls that will lead to a black card:
1) Deliberate pulling down of an opponent.
2) Deliberate tripping of an opponent.
3) Deliberate body collision with an opponent after he has played the ball away or for the purposes of taking him out of a movement of play.
4) Threatening or using abusive or provocative language or gestures to an opponent or a team-mate.
5) Remonstrating in an aggressive manner with a match official
* A player who picks up a black card is sidelined for the remainder of the game. The first three players from the same side to pick up black cards can be replaced from within the six substitutions. Any further players to pick up black cards may not be replaced.
* A player who picks up a yellow card followed by a black card is sent off and may not be replaced.
* At senior inter-county level, three black cards or three double yellow cards will incur a one-game suspension. A combination of both black and yellow cards (totalling three) also incurs a one- match ban. New regulations apply only to senior inter-county league and championship games within the same year.
* At all other levels, two double yellows within 48 weeks or two yellows and a black card will incur a two-week ban.
* Players still have a right to a hearing after picking up a black card.