Arsenal had striker Olivier Giroud sent off as they slumped to a disappointing 2-1 defeat in their Champions League Group F opener at Dinamo Zagreb.
The France forward missed a couple of early chances before collecting two needless cautions in the first half.
Dinamo took the lead against the run of play with an own-goal from Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain after the ball bounced back off him past goalkeeper David Ospina, who had saved Josip Pivaric's shot.
After Giroud's dismissal on 40 minutes, Dinamo doubled their lead through a powerful header by Junior Fernandes.
Despite a late goal from substitute Theo Walcott, Arsenal were left to reflect on another frustrating European away performance.
Gunners boss Arsene Wenger, perhaps with one eye on Saturday's English Premier League trip to Chelsea, made six changes from the team which had beaten Stoke, which included a start for Ospina
The Croatians had never previously qualified for the knock-out stages of the Champions League, with a 15-game winless run in the competition proper and were yet to beat an English side.
Arsenal started brightly as Giroud, preferred in attack to Walcott, saw an early header tipped over. The English club, in Europe's elite competition for an 18th successive campaign, continued to dominate at the Maksimir Stadium.
The hosts remained on the back foot as Arsenal pressed, with Oxlade-Chamberlain next away down the right. The England midfielder crossed for Giroud, whose near-post header hit the post and rebound struck the goalkeeper on the line.
On 24 minutes, Dinamo went ahead completely against the run of play. Pivaric was played into the left side of the Arsenal penalty area inside Mathieu Dubuchy. His near-post effort was saved by Ospina, but cannoned back into the net off Oxlade-Chamberlain.
Arsenal's evening got worse five minutes before half-time when Giroud was sent off.
The France striker, who had already collected an earlier caution for dissent, tripped Daniel Ivo Pinto, which gave Romanian referee Ovidiu Alin Hategan little option but to issue a second yellow card followed by a red.
Dinamo almost doubled their lead at the start of the second half when El Arbi Soudani glanced a header against the far post, with the rebound scrambled behind.
It was 2-0 on 57 minutes when Fernandes got above three Arsenal defenders to head home a left-wing corner at the near post.
Wenger had seen enough, and soon made a treble substitution as Walcott, who once scored a hat-trick for England here, Francis Coquelin and Joel Campbell all came on.
Walcott reduced the deficit on 79 minutes when he produced a cool finish after sprinting clear onto Sanchez's pass down the right, but there was to be no late drama despite some five minutes of added time.